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Use of pro scale simulatiors to understand the effects of wettability on miscible carbon dioxide flooding and injectivity

Uzun, İlkay
This study concentrates on the modelling of three phase flow and miscible CO2 flooding in pore networks that captures the natural porous medium of a reservoir. That is to say, the network, that is a Matlab code, consists of different sided triangles which are located randomly through the grids. The throats that connect the pores are also created by the model. Hence, the lengths and the radii of the throats are varying. The network used in this research is assumed to be representative of mixed-wet carbonates in 2-D. Mixed wettability arises in real porous media when oil renders surfaces it comes into prolonged contact with oil-wet while water-filled nooks and crannies remain water-wet. The model developed is quasi-static approach to simulate two phase and three phase flows. By this, capillary pressures, relative permeabilities, saturations, flow paths are determined for primary drainage, secondary imbibition, and CO2 injection cases. To calculate the relative permeability, capillary entry pressures are first determined. Then, hydraulic conductances and flow rates of the network for each grid are obtained. Phase areas and saturations are also determined. It is accepted that the displacement mechanism in drainage and CO2 injection is piston-like whereas in imbibition it is either piston-like or snap-off. The results of the model are compared with the experimental data from the literature. Although, the pore size distribution and the contact angle of the model are inconsistent with the experimental data, the agreement of the relative permeabilities is promising. The effect of contact angle in the same network for three phase flow where immiscible CO2 is injected as a third phase at supercritical temperature (32 °C) is investigated. And it is found that, the increase in the intrinsic angles causes decrease in relative permeability values. As another scenario, two phase