Modeling of resin transfer molding for composites manufacturing

İpek, Hakan
The resin transfer molding (RTM ) process, in which a thermosetting resin is injected into a mold cavity preloaded with a porous fiber preform, is a manufacturing method for producing advanced continuous fiber reinforced composite products with complex geometries. Numerical simulation of resin transfer molding process is an often needed tool in manufacturing design, in order to analyze the process before the mold is constructed. In this study, a numerical simulation of the resin impregnation process in RTM of composite materials is performed by using and modifying an existing simulation program. The parts that are molded in the simulations have their planar dimensions much larger than their thicknesses. Therefore, the mold filling process can be modeled as two dimensional by neglecting the variations along the thickness direction. The program is capable of simulating two-dimensional, isothermal impregnation processes through orthotropic fiber preforms of planar but complex geometries. The formulations of the physical problem, used in this study, were taken from the theory of macroscopic flow through anisotropic porous media. The formulated governing equation and boundary conditions are solved in a regular-geometry computational domain by transformation through boundary fitted coordinate system. The discretization for numerical solution is performed by the finite difference method. The current study extends the existing capabilities of the simulation program by enabling the simulation of impregnation through non-homogeneous fiber preforms. Furthermore, the capability to simulate injection from two gates (as opposed to a single gate injection that existed before) is developed and added to the program. Various one-dimensional impregnation simulations (as parametric studies) are performed to assess the influence of process parameters. Results are also compared with


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Şaş, Hatice Sinem; Erdal Erdoğmuş, Merve; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2010)
Compression Resin Transfer Molding (CRTM) is an advanced liquid molding process for producing continuous fiber-reinforced composite parts in relatively large dimensions and with high fiber volume fractions. This thesis investigates this process for the purpose of producing continuous fiber reinforced composites with particle fillers. In many composites, fillers are used within the resin for various reasons such as cost reduction and improvement of properties. However, the presence of fillers in a process in...
Assesment of roll-formed products including the cold forming effects
Güner, Alper; Kılıç, S. Engin; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2007)
Roll-forming is an efficient sheet forming process that is used in manufacturing long parts with constant cross-section. The theoretical, experimental and numerical analyses of the process are limited since the sheet takes a complex 3D shape during the process. In this study proper finite element method models to simulate the roll-forming process are examined both numerically and experimentally. In addition, the applicability of 2D plane strain models to the simulation of the process is investigated. To rev...
Process characterization of composite structures manufactured using resin impregnation techniques
Miskbay, Adem Onur; Parnas, Kemal Levend; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2009)
The aim of this study is to investigate and compare the properties of two layer carbon epoxy composite plates manufactured using various resin impregnation techniques; Resin Transfer Molding (RTM), Light RTM (LRTM), Vacuum Assisted RTM (VARTM) and Vacuum Packaging (VP). Throughout the study a different packaging method was developed and named Modified Vacuum Packaging (BP). The mechanical properties of composite plates manufactured are examined by tensile tests, compressive tests, in-plane shear tests and t...
Exact solution of rotating FGM shaft problem in the elastoplastic state of stress
Akis, Tolga; Eraslan, Ahmet Nedim (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2007-10-01)
Plane strain analytical solutions to estimate purely elastic, partially plastic and fully plastic deformation behavior of rotating functionally graded (FGM) hollow shafts are presented. The modulus of elasticity of the shaft material is assumed to vary nonlinearly in the radial direction. Tresca's yield criterion and its associated flow rule are used to formulate three different plastic regions for an ideal plastic material. By considerina different material compositions as well as a wide range of bore radi...
Development of postprocessor, simulation and verification software for a five-axis CNC milling machine
Cengiz, Ender; Gökler, Mustafa İlhan; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2005)
Five-axis CNC milling machine tools bring great facility to produce complex workpieces with increased dimensional accuracy and better surface quality in shorter machining times. However, kinematics of five-axis machine tools has a complex form which makes it difficult to operate these machine tools properly. The difficulty arises from the complexity of NC-Code generation and tool path verification. Collision of machine tool or setup components with each other is a severe problem in five-axis machining opera...
Citation Formats
H. İpek, “Modeling of resin transfer molding for composites manufacturing,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.