Preliminary approch for the determination of fish exuded kairomone using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

Kepenek, Ayşe Özge
Chemical communication in aquatic organisms has been topic of a large number of studies focusing interactions between organisms via info chemicals. Diel Vertical Migration (DVM) is commonly observed among zooplankton and consists of a single daily ascent with minimum depth reached between sunset and sunrise and a descent with maximum depth attained during the day. DVM was absent or reduced when predators were absent and well developed in their presence. Species of the Daphnia are one of the well investigated group in freshwater environments. Variation in DVM of Daphnia in response to fish kairomone is one of the best studied behavioral strategies. Kairomone, as a term, is described interspecific chemical messengers, the adaptive benefit of which falls on the recipient rather than the emitter. As a result, nature and origin of kairomone is still unclear and needs to be investigated. It was decided that FT-IR technique would be favorable tool for this aim. In this frame, it was conceived that the occurrence of migration adaptation relevant to the seasonal changes in the presence of fish kairomone could be proved and characterized by FT-IR technique. Results of the present study indicate that non-aromatic, secondary amine compound has significant contribution to fish cue. Since other sources other than fish can contribute the natural amine compounds level in fresh water environment, origin and concentration of amines are needed further investigation to determine ecological function of amine.


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Citation Formats
A. Ö. Kepenek, “Preliminary approch for the determination of fish exuded kairomone using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.