National stereotypes, in-group identification, intergroup bias, social categorization and in- /out- group attitiudes: in case of Cyprus

Hüsnü, Şenel
The aim of the present research was to investigate the various determinants of intergroup relations, particularly national stereotypes, in- group identification, contact, and social categorization. In chapter one a total of 150 Turkish Cypriots filled a national stereotypes questionnaire, social identity scale, and a scale assessing intergroup contact. Factor analysis of the stereotypes of the Turkish Cypriots (autostereotypes) demonstrated the existence of four latent variables adopted as Positivity, Competency- Based, Negativity and Religiosity/ Conservatism. The same factor structure was obtained for the stereotypes used to evaluate the Greek Cypriots (heterostereotypes). It was observed that Turkish Cypriots consistently demonstrated in- group favoritisim. In support of the Contact hypothesis it was found that increased exposure was predictive of greater endorsement of positive national stereotypes of the Greek Cypriots. In- group identification seemed to affect in- group attitudes alone; however, moderation analyses showed that in- group identification influenced negative out- group attitudes moderated through positive in- group attitudes. This led to the development of a model of negative out- group attitudes. In the second chapter the direction, content, and uniformity of the national stereotypes Turkish Cypriots endorse regarding the Turkish, Greek and British, three nations that have played a significant role in the history of Turkish Cypriots were assessed. Stereotypes were analyzed according to the following five dimensions: Empathic, dominant, efficient, negative, and religiosity/ conservative. Results led to the conclusion that Turkish Cypriots demonstrated in- group favoritism and had quite uniform autostereotypes yet inconsistent heterostereotypes. Stereotypic content was also mainly determined by the political, historical, and social relationship


Social identity and intergroup relations: the case of alevis and sunnis in Amasya
Akbaş, Gülçin; Sümer, Nebi; Department of Psychology (2010)
The aim of the current thesis was to investigate the relationship between Alevis and Sunnis through the lenses of Social Identity Theory, Social Dominance Theory, and Contact Hypothesis to understand whether they see the current situation stable and legitimate, and perceive discrimination. It was expected that Alevis and Sunnis will differ in ingroup identifications, social dominance orientations, quantity, and quality of intergroup contact, perception of legitimacy and stability, and perceived discriminati...
Behavioral preferences, feelings, and social identity level in a low-status group: the impacts of social identity salience, and group boundary permeability with a novel concept of hierarchical permeability
Elgin, Veysel Mehmet; Sakallı Uğurlu, Nuray; Department of Psychology (2007)
The aim of this thesis was to investigate the impacts of both the group boundary permeability (with a novel concept) and the social identity salience on the low-status group members’ behavioral preferences, feelings, and social identity level with reference to the social identity theory. The participants were 138 undergraduate students from Abant İzzet Baysal University. All participants completed behavioral alternatives questionnaire, negative feelings of personal treatment questionnaire, and the Organizat...
The effects of ıntergroup perceptions and ıngroup ıdentifications on the political participation of the second-generation turkish migrants in the netherlands
Baysu, Gülseli; Öner Özkan, Bengi; Department of Psychology (2007)
Through the lenses of Social Identity Theory, this thesis endeavours to understand how perceptions of intergroup relations and in-group identifications affect the choice for different mobility strategies and forms of political participation among the second-generation Turkish migrants in the Netherlands. To this end, two political participation paths are specified: ethnic and mainstream. The former is defined as promoting ethnic group interests in the political arena while the latter is defined as participa...
System justification and terror manegement : mortality salience as amoderator ofsystem justifying tendencies in gender context
Doğulu, Canay; Sakallı Uğurlu, Nuray; Department of Psychology (2012)
The aim of the current thesis was to explore the possible link between System Justification Theory (SJT) and Terror Management Theory (TMT) in gender context and from the perspective of intergroup relations in a sample of Turkish university students. Having recently attracted research attention, the relation between the two theories is based on the effect of mortality salience (MS) on the tendency to justify the existing system. Accordingly, three research questions were investigated to see whether (1) ambi...
Associations of religious identification, secular identification, perceived discrimination, and political trust with ethnic and societal (national) identification.
Çoymak, Ahmet; Sakallı Uğurlu, Nuray; Department of Psychology (2009)
The current thesis extends research in the area of multiple social identities and identity conflict by focusing on both intergroup and intraindividual process underlying structures of identities, namely, religious, ethnic, and societal (national) identifications. In addition, it examined the influence of political trust, and perceived discrimination the relationship between ethnic and societal identification for disadvantaged ethnic groups in Turkey. Two studies were conducted to evaluate the process of ide...
Citation Formats
Ş. Hüsnü, “National stereotypes, in-group identification, intergroup bias, social categorization and in- /out- group attitiudes: in case of Cyprus,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.