Synthesis, characterization and electrochromic properties of conducting copolymers of terephthalic acid bis-(thiophen-3-ylmethyl)thioester with thiophene and pyrrole and conducting polymer of 1-(4-fluorophenyl)-2,5-di(thiophen-2-yl)-1h-pyrrole

Türkarslan, Özlem
Terephthalic acid bis-(thiophen-3-ylmethyl)thioester (TTMT) was synthesized via the reaction of thiophen-3-ylmethanethiol with terephthaloyl dichloride. Nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies were utilized for the characterization of the monomer. This 3-functionalized thiophene monomer was polymerized in the presence of thiophene (Th) and pyrrole (Py) upon constant potential application in acetonitrile/tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TBAFB). The resulting copolymers were characterized via cyclic voltammetry (CV), FTIR, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), four-probe technique conductivity measurement and UV-Vis spectroscopy. Spectroelectrochemical analysis of P(TTMT-co-Th) revealed π to π* transition at 476 nm with a band gap of 2.0 eV whereas, λmax and Eg were found as 375 nm and 2.4 eV for P(TTMT-co-Py), respectively. Dual type electrochromic devices (ECDs) of P(TTMT-co-Th) and P(TTMT-co-Py) with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) were constructed. Spectroelectrochemistry, switching ability, open circuit memory and stability of the devices were examined by UV-Vis spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The device P(TTMT-co-Th)/PEDOT switches between brown and blue upon application of 0.0 V and +2.6 V, respectively with 11% optical contrast and 1.1 s as the switching time. On the other hand, P(TTMT-co-Py)/PEDOT ECD exhibits greenish yellow, grayish red and blue colors with the application of -2.4 V, 0.0 V and +0.8 V, respectively and the contrast between extreme potentials was 17.5% with a switching time of 1.6 s. 1-(4-Fluorophenyl)-2,5-di(thiophen-2-yl)-1H-pyrrole (FPTP) was synthesized and polymerized both chemically and electrochemically. Several analytical techniques, such as NMR, FTIR, CV, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), four-probe conductivity measurement, SEM were utilized when applicable. Spectroelectrochemistry experiments reflected a π to π* transition at 398 nm with a band gap energy of 1.94 eV for the polymer. A dual type electrochromic device (ECD) of PFPTP and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) was constructed. The device switches between yellowish brown and blue upon application of 0.8 V and +1.1 V, respectively. Optical contrast was calculated as 19.4% with a switching time of 1.4 s at maximum contrast point.


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New compounds consisting of 3-thienyl and aniline units linked by polyether bridges have been synthesized and their electrochemical polymerization was performed via constant potential electrolysis and cyclic voltammetry. In the case of 3-thienyl derivatives two compounds, 1,12-di-3-thienyl-2,5,8,11-tetraoxadodecane (MI) and 1,15-di-3-thienyl-2,5,8,11,14-pentaoxapentadecane (MII) were synthesized utilizing literature methods and their corresponding polymers, poly(I) and poly(II) were prepared in an electroly...
Citation Formats
Ö. Türkarslan, “Synthesis, characterization and electrochromic properties of conducting copolymers of terephthalic acid bis-(thiophen-3-ylmethyl)thioester with thiophene and pyrrole and conducting polymer of 1-(4-fluorophenyl)-2,5-di(thiophen-2-yl)-1h-pyrrole,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.