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Modified acrylic hydrogels as controlled release systems

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2006
Pınardağ, Fatma Esra
In this study, pH-sensitive poly(acrylamide-co-acrylic acid) hydrogels were synthesized as controlled release systems in the presence of N,N-methylene bisacrylamide as crosslinker and ammonium persulfate as initiator. A set of hydrogels were used in the form they were prepared. One set of hydrogels were prepared as porous networks by incorporating sodium chloride into the reaction medium and then leaching of it after the completion of polymerization reaction. Two sets of hydrogels were modified by argon-plasma at different discharge powers. Hydrogels were characterized by 13C-NMR, XPS, SEM, ATR-FTIR, ESR as well as equilibrium degree of swelling (EDS) and contact angle measurements. Prepared hydrogels were loaded with a model antibiotic, ciprofloxacin-HCl (CPFX), and in-vitro release of CPFX from hydrogel matrices were examined in buffer solutions of varying pH values. There are two factors determining the release rates of CPFX; one is the pH-dependent solubility of CPFX and the other is EDS of the hydrogel samples. For porous samples drug loading and release rates were higher when compared to the control samples and CPFX solubility dominated over release kinetics. Plasma treatment resulted in prolonged release rates in acidic medium.