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A study of laminar forced film condensation of vapor flowing in cross-flow direction through the annular space between two concentric cylinders

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2006
Atılgan, Ahmet Koray
In this study laminar forced film condensation of vapor flowing in cross-flow direction through the annular space between two concentric cylinders was investigated numerically. To achieve this, governing equations of the vapor and the condensate flow in cross-flow direction between two concentric cylinders were developed. After obtaining the equations in integral forms by using the finite difference technique the vapor boundary layer thicknesses on the inner and outer cylinders and the condensate layer thickness was obtained as a function of the angular position on the cylinders. It was assumed that the condensation took place on the outer surface of the inner cylinder only and the outer cylinder was assumed to be insulated. The computer program developed is capable to calculate the condensate film thickness, vapor boundary layer thickness, the heat flux and the heat transfer coefficient and the interface velocity between the condensate and the vapor layer as a function of the angular position on the cylinders. Effects of changing the free stream velocity flowing in the channel, the radius of the inner cylinder, the temperature difference between the saturated vapor and the wall and the annular space between the concentric cylinders were investigated numerically by using the computer program and the results were presented graphically. Results showed that by increasing the free stream velocity of the vapor in the core, the film thickness decreased and by increasing the radius of the inner cylinder, the temperature difference between the saturated vapor and the wall and the annular space, the film thickness increased.