Investigation of the effect of oxidation filters on the particulate emissions of diesel engines

Cerit, R. Ersen
Oxidation filters are used to decrease particulate emissions commonly. In this study, design of a particulate trap to produce an alternative, low cost filter has been aimed. An experimental setup has been installed according to standards to carry out tests of these designed filters. Electronic measurement and control systems have been attached to this setup to increase efficiency of experiments. Two filter designs have been used in the experiments. First design consists of aluminum wire cloth. Second design is sheet metal structure, which includes three longitudinal cells. Metal chip is used as filter material. Empty filter tests have been performed firstly, and then experiments have been repeated with aluminum, iron, and copper chip addition in filter. Copper chip test results are better than other metal chip for first experiments. Afterwards, experiments have been repeated with varying copper chip amount. Suitable copper chip amount was determined based on fuel consumption rate of the engine. As a result, designed filter reduce the particulate emissions with high efficiency. Although, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide gaseous emissions increase with designed filter, hydro carbon emissions decrease.


Validation of MISES Two-Dimensional Boundary Layer Code for High-Pressure Turbine Aerodynamic Design
ANDREW, PHILIP; Kahveci, Harika Senem (ASME International, 2009-07-01)
Avoiding aerodynamic separation and excessive shock losses in gas turbine turbomachinery components can reduce fuel usage and thus reduce operating cost. In order to achieve this, blading designs should be made robust to a wide range of operating conditions. Consequently, a design tool is needed-one that can be executed quickly for each of many operating conditions and on each of several design sections, which will accurately capture loss, turning, and loading. This paper presents the validation of a bounda...
Numerical and experimental investigation Of two-phase flow distribution through multiple outlets from a horizontal drum
Pezek, Enis; Yeşin, Ahmet Orhan; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2006)
In CANDU reactors, under normal operating conditions, the inlet headers collect and distribute single-phase liquid flow (heavy water) to the fuel cooling channels via the feeders. However, under some postulated loss of coolant accidents, the inlet headers may receive two-phase fluid (steam/water) and the fluid forms a stratified region inside the header. To predict the thermalhydraulic behaviour of headers for the reactor safety analysis, the two-phase flow distribution within the headers and through the fe...
Experimental investigation of use of canola oil as a diesel fuel
Özdemir, Ali; Bayka, Ahmet Demir; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2008)
In this study, canola oil has been selected for the test on a diesel engine and its suitability as an alternative fuel has been examined. To decrease the high viscosity of canola oil, the effect of temperature on viscosity has been researched. Then the fuel delivery system has been modified to heat canola oil before injecting the oil into the combustion chamber. Also, ethanol has been tested as an additive by blending with canola oil. An experimental setup has been installed according to standards to carry ...
Comparison of engine performance and emissions for conventional petroleum diesel fuel and diesel-ethanol blends
Erkal, Gül; Yozgatlıgil, Ahmet; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2010)
Ethanol is an environmental friendly alternative diesel fuel that has received significant attention both as a possible renewable alternative fuel and as an additive to existing petroleum-based fuels. Beyond simply representing an additional fuel supply, ethanol exhibits several advantages when compared to existing petroleum fuel. The objective of this work is to investigate experimentally the effects of using different blends of specified percentages of ethanol on the engine performance and emissions and t...
Modeling and simulation of oil leakage in radial lip seals
Yıldız, Meltem; Akkök, Metin; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2010)
Radial lip seals are used to prevent leakage between machine elements in many industrial applications. During operation, fluid film between seal lip and shaft surface generates a pressure distribution on the lip which is elastically deformed due to hydrodynamic pressure. Surface roughness parameters in terms of moments of height profile distribution (rms roughness, skewness and kurtosis) affect the rate of oil leakage. A computer program is developed for elastohydrodynamic analysis of radial lip seals. Both...
Citation Formats
R. E. Cerit, “Investigation of the effect of oxidation filters on the particulate emissions of diesel engines,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.