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Synthesis and electrochromic properties of conducting polymers of 1-(4-nitrophenyl)-2,5-di(2-thienyl)-1H-pyrrole and their use in eletctrochromic devices

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2006
Varış, Serhat
A new monomer; 1-(4-Nitrophenyl)-2,5-di-2-thienyl-1H-pyrrole SNSNO2 was synthesized through the Knorr-Paal condensation reaction of 1,4-di-2-thienyl-1,4-butanedione and p-nitroaniline. The chemical structure of monomer and polymer were characterized via Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Chemical polymerization produced a polymer which was completely soluble in organic solvents. Electrochemical behaviors of SNSNO2 and SNSNO2 in the presence of EDOT were studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV). The synthesis of homopolymer and copolymer were achieved via constant potential electrolysis. Both homopolymer P(SNSNO2) and copolymer P(SNSNO2-co-EDOT) were characterized by various techniques including cyclic voltammetry, FTIR, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and UV-VIS Spectrophotometer. Conductivities of samples were measured by four probe technique. The electrochromic properties of the polymers were investigated via spectroelectrochemistry, colorimetry and switching studies. In addition, dual type electrochromic devices (ECDs) composed of P(SNSNO2), P(SNSNO2-co-EDOT) and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) were constructed and evaluated. Spectroelectrochemistry, switching ability and stability of the devices were investigated by UV-Vis Spectrophotometer and Cyclic Voltammetry. They have shown to possess good switching times, reasonable contrasts and high stabilities.