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Preparation of cross-linkedtyrosinase aggregates

Aytar, Burcu Selin
The aim of this study was to prepare cross-linked enzyme aggregate (CLEA) from crude mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) extract. However, the optimization of CLEA production was performed by using pure tyrosinase. Important parameters were determined as protein, ammonium sulfate and glutaraldehyde concentrations, CLEA particle size, and cross-linking temperature and period. On the other hand, the order of ammonium sulfate and glutaraldehyde addition did not affect the yield of CLEA. Optimum CLEA preparation conditions were 60 % ammonium sulfate saturation, 2 % (v/v) glutaraldehyde, and 3 hour cross-linking reaction at room temperature. Particle size of the CLEAs should be reduced by mechanical stirring to eliminate mass transfer limitations. Under these circumstances, 100 % recovery was obtained from both pure and crude tyrosinases. Optimum temperature and the activation energy for catechol oxidation were determined as 34 oC and 16.9 kcal/mol for CLEAs, whereas, 32 oC and 12.5 kcal/mol for the free enzyme. Furthermore, the thermostability of CLEAs was significantly higher than the free enzyme. CLEAs, prepared from crude mushroom extract, retained 72 % of its maximum activity in eight months storage at 4 oC. Moreover, changing the storage temperature from 4 oC to room temperature did not decrease CLEAs stabilities.