Ion exchangers in the recovery of tartaric acid from aqueous solutions

Başaran, Tolga Yener
Tartaric acid is a dicarboxylic acid naturally present in grapes, and has many application areas with its salts. It can be produced synthetically, manufactured as a by-product in wine industry, or can be recovered by electrodialysis and solvent extraction methods. Since, ion exchange is one of the oldest processing techniques for the recovery and purification of valuable materials, it can be applied to obtain this valuable organic acid. In this study it is aimed to investigate the effects of resin basicity, initial concentration, and initial pH of the solution on ion exchange equilibrium. The model tartaric acid solutions were prepared for the equilibrium analysis with two different anion exchange resins in a batch type system. A shaker bath at 28 oC with 300-rpm agitation rate was used. The weakly basic resin Lewatit MP62, and strongly basic resin Lewatit M511, which are in polystyrene structure, was obtained from the producer Bayer AG. In the analysis, Shimadzu PDA Detector at 210 nm with Waters Atlantis dC18 column was used. 20 mM NaH2PO4 at pH = 2.7 was introduced to the HPLC as the mobile phase at 0.5 ml/min flow rate. In the investigation of the resin basicity, MP62 presented better performance than M511. The equilibrium experiments were performed at three different initial acid concentrations (0.01, 0.02, and 0.10 M) for both resin, and in the pH ranges pH < pKa1, pKa1 < pH < pKa2, and pKa2 < pH for weakly basic resin, and in the pH ranges pH < pKa1, pKa1 < pH < pKa2 for strongly basic resin at each concentration. Results show that the pH of the solution is a more important parameter than the initial concentration that affects the ion exchange equilibrium. Also, Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were plotted, and it was shown that they were in good agreement with the experimental data especially for the systems that are at low total ion concentrations.


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Erdoğdu, Anıl; Eroğlu, İnci; Department of Chemical Engineering (2004)
One of the most commonly used boron compounds, boric acid, is produced by dissolving colemanite (2CaO₉3B2O3₉5H2O) in aqueous sulfuric acid whereby gypsum (CaSO4₉2H2O) is formed as a byproduct and must be separated from the main product. This process consists of two steps, dissolution of colemanite and formation of gypsum. The amount of boric acid formed depends on the first step, dissolution of colemanite. In the latter step, gypsum crystals are formed and stay in the reaction mixture to grow up to a size l...
Dynamic Behavior of continuous flow stirred slurry reactors in boric acid production
Yücel Çakal, Gaye Ö; Eroğlu, İnci; Department of Chemical Engineering (2004)
One of the most important boron minerals, colemanite is reacted with sulfuric acid to produce boric acid. During this reaction, gypsum (calcium sulfate dihydrate) is formed as a byproduct. In this study, the boric acid production was handled both in a batch and four continuously stirred slurry reactors (4-CFSSR̕s) in series system. In this reaction system there are at least three phases, one liquid and two solid phases (colemanite and gypsum). In a batch reactor all the phases have the same operating time (...
Ion exchangers in the removal of caffeine from aqueous solutions
Didinedin, Gürcan; Öztin, Osman Cevdet; Department of Chemical Engineering (2006)
Caffeine is a commercially important member of a group of purine alkaloids found in coffee, tea and cacao particularly. It is an important ingredient in beverages and most important chemical element of stimulating pharmaceuticals. Caffeine is either manufactured by total synthesis or as a by-product from the decaffeinated coffee manufacturing. To investigate the equilibrium relationship of caffeine in ion exchange systems, which are widely used for recovery and purification processes, was the aim of this st...
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Kamışoğlu, Kübra; Baç, Nurcan; Department of Chemical Engineering (2007)
Zeolites are nanoporous crystalline aluminosilicates that are tasteless, odorless and nontoxic to humans. They can be tailored into antibacterial agents that are more cost effective than other conventional alternatives. Considering the increasing demand for enduring antibacterial agents, the potential uses of antibacterial zeolites are numerous in medical applications and for everyday household products. To produce antibacterial zeolites, the extra framework cations in the zeolite structures can be exchange...
Surfactant modified zinc borate synthesis and its effect on the properties of PET
Baltaci, Berk; ÇAKAL, GAYE ÖZGÜR; Bayram, Göknur; Eroglu, Inci; Özkar, Saim (Elsevier BV, 2013-08-01)
Zinc borate was prepared from the reaction of zinc oxide and boric acid in the absence or presence of cumene terminated poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride), PSMA, added as a surfactant at varying concentrations (0.1-1 wt.% of water) to the reaction medium to investigate its effect on the growth and agglomeration of particles during reaction. Synthesized zinc borates were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) in comparison to unmodifie...
Citation Formats
T. Y. Başaran, “Ion exchangers in the recovery of tartaric acid from aqueous solutions,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.