Cephamycin C production by Streptomyces clavuligerus mutants impaired in regulation of aspartokinase

Zeyniyev, Araz
Aspartokinase is the first enzyme of the aspartate family amino acids biosynthetic pathway. Cephamycin C is a β-lactam antibiotic produced as a secondary metabolite via the enzymatic reactions in the lysine branch of this pathway in Streptomyces clavuligerus. The aspartokinase activity of S. clavuligerus is under concerted feedback inhibition by two of the end product amino acids, lysine plus threonine. It is also known that carbon flow through the lysine branch of the aspartate pathway is rate limiting step in the formation of cephamycin C. Therefore, genetic alterations in the regulatory regions of the aspartokinase enzyme are expected to lead to an increased cephamycin C production. The aim of this study was to obtain S. clavuligerus mutants that possess aspartokinase enzyme insensitive to feedback inhibition by lysine and threonine, identification of the mutation(s) accounting for the resistance being the ultimate goal. For this aim, chemical mutagenesis was employed to increase random mutation rate and a population of lysine anti-metabolite resistant S. clavuligerus mutants that can grow in the presence of S-(2-aminoethyl)-L-cysteine was obtained. The mutants were screened for their aspartokinase insensitivity via enzyme assays and one mutant exhibiting the highest level of deregulation was assessed for its cephamycin C production. The results revealed a 2-fold increase in specific production of the antibiotic. As a member of β-lactam class antibiotics, cephamycin C has an importance in medicine. Therefore, the mutant strain obtained might be a candidate for industrial production of the compound.


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Citation Formats
A. Zeyniyev, “Cephamycin C production by Streptomyces clavuligerus mutants impaired in regulation of aspartokinase,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.