Preparation and characterization of nanocomposites with a thermoplastic matrix and spherical reinforcement

Ersu, Dilek
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of compatibilizers, fumed silica and mixing order of components on morphological, thermal, mechanical and flow properties of LDPE/Fumed silica nanocomposites. As compatibilizer(Co); ethylene/n-butyl acrylate/maleic anhydride (E-nBA-MAH), ethylene/glycidyl methacrylate (E-GMA) and ethylene/methyl acrylate/glycidyl methacrylate (E-MA-GMA) Lotader® resins; as silica Cab-o-sil® M5 fumed silica were used. All samples were prepared by means of a lab scale co-rotating twin screw extruder and injection molded into standard samples. In the first step, individual effects of filler and compatibilizers were studied in binary systems with LDPE. Then, keeping the amount of compatibilizer constant at 5%, ternary nanocomposites were prepared by adding 2 or 5% of fumed silica using different component mixing orders. Among investigated mixing orders, mechanical test results showed that the best sequences of component addition are FO1 [(LDPE+Co)+M5] and FO2 [(LDPE+M5)+Co] mixing orders. Considering the compatibilizers, E-nBA-MAH terpolymer showed the highest performance in improving the mechanical properties, E-GMA copolymer also gave satisfactory results. According to the DSC analysis, since addition of fumed silica and compatibilizer does not influence the crystallization behavior of the compositions, it is concluded that, neither fumed silica nor any of the compatibilizers have nucleation activity on LDPE. MFI test results showed that, addition of fumed silica increases the melt viscosity, decreasing MFI values of samples. This change seems to be directly proportional to fumed silica amount.


Ternary nanocomposites of high density, linear low density and low density polyethylenes
Uçar, Egemen; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2007)
In this study, the effects of organoclay loading, compatibilizer loading and polyethylene type on the morphology, rheology, thermal properties and mechanical properties of polyethylene/compatibilizer/organoclay nanocomposites were investigated. As compatibilizer, terpolymer of ethylene-methacrylate-glycidyl methacrylate (Lotader® AX8900), as organoclay Cloisite® 15A were used. All samples were prepared by a co-rotating twin screw extruder, followed by injection molding. Considering ternary nanocomposites, h...
Preparation and characterization of thermally stable organoclays and their use in polymer based nanocomposites
Abdallah, Wissam; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Chemical Engineering (2010)
The present study was aimed at exploring the purification and modification of montmorillonite rich Turkish bentonites by organic salts and their subsequent effects on the morphology (X-diffractometry, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy), melt flow index, mechanical (Tensile, Impact) and especially thermal stability (thermal gravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry) properties of polymer/organoclay nanocomposites with and without an elastomeric compatibilizer. The b...
Nanocomposites based on blends of polyethylene
Işık, Fatma; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Chemical Engineering (2005)
In this study the effects of compatibilizer type, organoclay type, and the addition order of components on the morphological, thermal, mechanical and flow properties of ternary nanocomposites based on low density polyethylene, LDPE were investigated. As compatibilizer, ethylene/methyl acrylate/glycidyl methacrylate, ethylene/glycidyl methacrylate, and ethylene/butyl acrylate/maleic anhydride; as organoclay Cloisite? 15A, Cloisite? 25A and Cloisite? 30B were used. All samples were prepared by a co-rotating t...
AKINOKTEM, G; TINCER, T (Wiley, 1994-11-21)
Thermal and flow properties of perlite-filled high-density polyethylenes (HDPE), studied in the first part of the paper, are discussed. Maximum peak temperatures of endotherms (T-mp) and the corresponding relative peak heights were examined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The data obtained from a Brabender torque rheometer were evaluated to find the melt viscosities at low shear rate during preparation of perlite-HDPE composites. The filler concentration, types of HDPEs, and the use of gamma-APS...
Characterization of poly(dihalophenylene oxides) in solution
Kısakürek, Duygu; Binboğa, Nevin; Harrod, John F. (Elsevier BV, 1987-9)
Several different dihalophenylene oxide polymers prepared by thermal decomposition of halophenoxo copper complexes were studied in toluene using light scattering. For polymers of molecular weight around 5 × 104, those obtained from 4-bromo-2,6-dichlorophenoxide, 2-chloro-4,6-dibromophenoxide and 2,4,6-tribromophenoxide appear to be relatively linear with higher values of , whereas those obtained from 2,4,6-trichlorophenoxide and 2-bromo-4,6-dichlorophenoxide appear to have branched or condensed structures w...
Citation Formats
D. Ersu, “Preparation and characterization of nanocomposites with a thermoplastic matrix and spherical reinforcement,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.