Carbothermic production of hexagonal boron nitride

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2006
Çamurlu, Hasan Erdem
Formation of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) by carbothermic reduction of B2O3 under nitrogen atmosphere at 1500oC was investigated. Reaction products were subjected to powder X-ray diffraction analysis, chemical analysis and were examined by SEM. B4C was found to exist in the reaction products of the experiments in which h-BN formation was not complete. One of the aims of this study was to investigate the role of B4C in the carbothermic production of h-BN. For this purpose, conversion reaction of B4C into h-BN was studied. B4C used in these experiments was produced in the same conditions that h-BN was formed, but under argon atmosphere. It was found that formation of h-BN from B4CB2O3 mixtures was slower than activated CB2O3 mixtures. It was concluded that B4C is not a necessary intermediate product in the carbothermic production of h-BN. Some additives are known to catalytically affect the h-BN formation. The second aim of this study was to examine the catalytic effect of some alkaline earth metal oxides and carbonates, some transition metal oxides and cupric nitrate. It was found that addition of 10wt% CaCO3 into the B2O3+C mixture was optimum for increasing the rate and yield of h-BN formation and decreasing the B4C amount in the products and that the reaction was complete in 2 hours. CaCO3 was observed to be effective in increasing the rate and grain size of the formed h-BN. Addition of cupric nitrate together with CaCO3 provided a further increase in the size of the h-BN grains.

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Citation Formats
H. E. Çamurlu, “Carbothermic production of hexagonal boron nitride,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2006.