Six-legged walking machine : the robot-EA308

Erden, Mustafa Suphi
The work presented in this thesis aims to make contribution to the understanding and application of six-legged statically stable walking machines in both theoretical and practical levels. In this thesis five pieces of work, performed with and for the three-joint six-legged Robot-EA308, are presented: 1) Standard gaits, which include the well-known wave gaits, are defined and a stability analysis, in the sense of static stable walking, is performed on an analytical level. Various definitions are given; theorems are stated and proved. 2) A free gait generation algorithm with reinforcement learning is developed. Its facilities of stability improvement, smooth speed changes, and adaptation in case of a rear-leg deficiency with learning of five-legged walking are experimented in real-time on the Robot-EA308. 3) Trajectory optimization and controller design is performed for the protraction movement of a three-joint leg. The trajectory generated by the controller is demonstrated with the Robot-EA308. 4) The full kinematic-dynamic formulation of a three-joint six-legged robot is performed with the joint-torques being the primary variables. It is demonstrated that the proposed torque distribution scheme, rather than the conventional force distribution, results in an efficient distribution of required forces and moments to the supporting legs. 5) An analysis of energy efficiency is performed for wave gaits. The established strategies for determination of gait parameters for an efficient walk are justified using the Robot-EA308.


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Citation Formats
M. S. Erden, “Six-legged walking machine : the robot-EA308,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2006.