3-D humanoid gait simulation using an optimal predictive control

Özyurt, Gökhan
In this thesis, the walking of a humanoid system is simulated applying an optimal predictive control algorithm. The simulation is built using Matlab and Simulink softwares. Four separate physical models are developed to represent the single support and the double support phases of a full gait cycle. The models are three dimensional and their properties are analogous to the human̕s. In this connection, the foot models in the double support phases include an additional joint which connects the toe to the foot. The kinematic relationships concerning the physical models are formulated recursively and the dynamic models are obtained using the Newton ا Euler formulation. The computed torque method is utilized at the level of joints. In the double support phase, the redundancy problem is solved by the optimization of the actuating torques. The command accelerations required to control the gait are obtained by applying an optimal predictive control law. The introduced humanoid walker achieves a sustainable gait by tuning the optimization and prediction parameters. The control algorithm manages the tracking of the predefined walking pattern with easily realizable joint accelerations. The simulation is capable of producing all the reaction forces, reaction moments and the values of the other variables. During these computations, a three dimensional view of the humanoid walker is animated simultaneously. As a result of this study, a suitable simulation structure is obtained to test and improve the mechanical systems which perform bipedal locomotion. The modular nature of the simulation structure developed in this study allows testing the performance of alternative control laws as well.


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Citation Formats
G. Özyurt, “3-D humanoid gait simulation using an optimal predictive control,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.