Steady-state modeling of detonation phenomenon in premixed gaseous mixtures and energetic solid explosives

Cengiz, Fatih
This thesis presents detailed description of the development of two computer codes written in FORTRAN language for the analysis of detonation of energetic mixtures. The first code, named GasPX, can compute the detonation parameters of premixed gaseous mixtures and the second one, named BARUT-X, can compute the detonation parameters of C-H-N-O based solid explosives. Both computer codes perform the computations on the basis of Chapman-Jouguet Steady State Detonation Theory and in chemical equilibrium condition. The computed detonation point by the computer codes is one of the possible solutions of the RankineHugoniot curve and it also satisfies the Rayleigh line. By examining the compressibility of the gaseous products formed after detonation of premixed gaseous mixtures, it is inferred that the ideal-gas equation of state can be used to describe the detonation products. GasPX then calculates the detonation parameters complying with ideal-gas equation of state. However, the assumption of the ideal gas behavior is not valid for gaseous detonation products of solid explosives. Considering the historical improvement of the numerical studies in the literature, the BKW (Becker-Kistiakowsky-Wilson) Equation of State for gaseous products and the Cowan & Fickett Equation of State for solid carbon (graphite) in the products are applied to the numerical model of BARUT-X. Several calculations of detonation parameters are performed by both GasPX and BARUT-X. The results are compared with those computed by the other computer codes as well as the experimental data in the literature. Comparisons show that the results are in satisfactory agreement with experiments and also in good agreement with the calculations performed by the other codes.


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Citation Formats
F. Cengiz, “Steady-state modeling of detonation phenomenon in premixed gaseous mixtures and energetic solid explosives,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.