Extracellular recombinant human growth hormone production by pichia pastoris

Orman, Mehmet Ali
In this study, the effects of bioprocess operation parameters on recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) production by P. pastoris were systematically investigated. In this frame, first, for the extracellular expression and purification of human growth hormone by recombinant P. pastoris the cDNA of hGH, fused with a polyhistidine tag and also fused with a target site for the Factor Xa protease in which cleavage produces a mature N- and C- termini of rhGH, was cloned into pPICZαA plasmid and the constructed system within the plasmid, pPICZαA::hGH, was integrated to AOX1 locus of P. pastoris and expressed under alcohol oxidase promoter which is induced by methanol. With dot-blot analysis, the appropriate two strains producing human growth hormone at high levels and having different methanol utilization phenotype (Mut+ and Muts) were chosen among the other transformants. Then, the effects of methanol concentrations on the expression of rhGH and cell growth were analyzed and both of the phenotypes were compared in defined and complex media in laboratory scale air filtered shake bioreactors. The highest rhGH concentration for Mut+ and MutS, was found as 0.052 kg m-3 and 0.16 kg m-3, respectively, at 2 %(v/v) methanol concentration in complex medium. When methanol was used as the sole carbon source in defined medium, Muts phenotype had very low specific growth rate on methanol due to the intrinsic characteristics of it, therefore detectable rhGH was not observed, on the other hand, optimum rhGH concentration produced by Mut+ strain was found as 0.032 kg m-3 at 3% (v/v) methanol concentration in defined medium. In mixed system (glycerol/methanol) which is also defined, when the optimum glycerol concentration, 30 kg m-3, was used, Muts produced the highest rhGH, 0.110 kg m-3, at 1% (v/v) methanol concentration and any increase in methanol concentration resulted in lower rhGH production, on the other hand, Mut+ strain produced 0.060 kg m-3 rhGH at 4% (v/v) methanol concentration, which indicated that higher rhGH production capacity of Mut+ strain was obtained at high methanol concentrations. Using the designed defined medium for Mut+ phenotype where methanol was used as the sole carbon source with an optimum concentration of 3% (v/v), the effects of oxygen transfer on rhGH production, by-product formation, and cell growth, oxygen transfer and fermentation characteristics were investigated by using pilot scale bioreactor. Oxygen transfer effects on rhGH production were investigated at QO/VR=0.5 vvm; N=250, 500, 625, 750 min-1 conditions. The variations in rhGH , cell, amino acid and organic acid concentrations with the cell cultivation time, specific cell growth rate, the oxygen uptake rate, the liquid phase coefficient by using the dynamic method, maintenance coefficient for oxygen and yield coefficients were determined. The highest rhGH concentration was obtained at 0.5 vvm, 500 min-1 condition as 0.023 kg m-3 with 5.37 kg m-3 cell density.


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Citation Formats
M. A. Orman, “Extracellular recombinant human growth hormone production by pichia pastoris,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.