Investigation of relationship between aggregate shape parameters and concrete strength using imaging techniques

Özen, Murat
In this study, relationships between aggregate shape parameters and compressive strength of concrete were investigated using digital image processing and analysis methods. The study was conducted based on three mix design parameters, gradation type, aggregate type and maximum aggregate size, at two levels. A total of 40 cubic concrete specimens were prepared at a constant water-cement ratio. After the compressive strength tests were performed, each specimen was cut into 4 equal pieces in order to obtain the digital images of cross sections using a digital flatbed scanner. A number of aggregate shape parameters were then determined from the digital image of the cross sections to investigate their relationships with the compressive strength. The results indicted that even though the aggregate type was found to give strong correlation with the compressive strength, weak correlations, however, exist between the compressive strength and the aggregate shape parameters. The study suggested that the analyses of relationships should be further investigated by including the effects of aggregate distribution within the specimen cross sections.


Evaluation of seismic response modification factors for steel frames by non-linear analysis
Bakır, Serhan; Yılmaz, Çetin; Department of Civil Engineering (2006)
In this study steel framing systems are investigated with regards to their lateral load carrying capacity and in this context seismic response modification factors of individual systems are analyzed. Numerous load resisting layouts, such as different bracing systems and un-braced moment resisting frames with various bay and story configurations are designed and evaluated in a parametric fashion. Three types of beam to column connection conditions are incorporated in evaluation process. Frames, designed acco...
Finite element analysis of composite laminates subjected to axial and transverse loading
Baskın, İsmail Cem; Akyüz, Uğurhan; Department of Civil Engineering (2004)
This thesis focuses on the investigation of behavior of thick and moderately thick laminates under transverse and horizontal loading for different boundary conditions and configurations. An efficient finite element solution is proposed for analyzing composite laminates. Based on a combination of composite theory and 3-D Elasticity Theory, a 3-D finite element program is developed in MATLAB for calculating the stresses, strains and deformations of composite laminates under transverse and/or horizontal loadin...
Lateral load analysis of shear wall-frame structures
Akış, Tolga; Tokdemir, Turgut; Department of Engineering Sciences (2004)
The purpose of this study is to model and analyze the nonplanar shear wall assemblies of shear wall-frame structures. Two three dimensional models, for open and closed section shear wall assemblies, are developed. These models are based on conventional wide column analogy, in which a planar shear wall is replaced by an idealized frame structure consisting of a column and rigid beams located at floor levels. The rigid diaphragm floor assumption, which is widely used in the analysis of multistorey building st...
Predicting the shear strength of reinforced concrete beams using artificial neural networks
Mansour, MY; Dicleli, Murat; Lee, JY; Zhang, J (Elsevier BV, 2004-05-01)
The application of artificial neural networks (ANNs) to predict the ultimate shear strengths of reinforced concrete (RC) beams with transverse reinforcements is investigated in this paper. An ANN model is built, trained and tested using the available test data of 176 RC beams collected from the technical literature. The data used in the ANN model are arranged in a format of nine input parameters that cover the cylinder concrete compressive strength, yield strength of the longitudinal and transverse reinforc...
A detailed analysis for evaluation of the degradation characteristics of simple structural systems
Kurtman, Burak; Erberik, Murat Altuğ; Department of Civil Engineering (2007)
Deterioration in the mechanical properties of concrete, masonry and steel structures are usually observed under repeated cyclic loading in the inelastic response range. Therefore such a behavior becomes critical when these types of structures are subjected to ground motions with specific characteristics. The objective of this study is to address the influence of degrading behavior on simple systems. The Structural Performance Database on the PEER web site, which contains the results of cyclic, lateral-load ...
Citation Formats
M. Özen, “Investigation of relationship between aggregate shape parameters and concrete strength using imaging techniques,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.