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Purification and characterization of Hexokinase isoenzymes from Rhizopus oryzae

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2007
Dedeoğlu, Didem
Glycolysis is the central metabolic pathway for living organisms. Its regulation is important for the yield of the end products which are industrially important. These end products, like lactic acid produced by Rhizopus oryzae, are industrially important. Rhizopus oryzae is a filamentous fungus producing lactic acid and ethanol. The lactic acid yield of R. oryzae is low (70 %) compared to that of lactic acid bacteria (95 %) still it is noteworthy because R. oryzae produces only the L (+) form of lactic acid which can be metabolized in the human body. The yield of an industrial process should be high for the feasibility of the production of a particular product. If a way can be found increase the flux through the glycolysis the yield of lactic acid may increase as well. Keeping this in mind we wanted to focus on the first step of glycolysis, hexokinase of R. oryzae. Hexokinase catalyzes the reaction that converts glucose to glucose-6-phosphate. In this study for the first time the two isoenzymes of hexokinase of R. oryzae were purified and characterized by biochemically and kinetically Hexokinase has two isoenzymes. The purified enzymes (isoenzymes1 & isoenzymes2) obeyed Michealis-Menten Kinetics. The Km value of purified isoenzyme 1 is 0.16 mM and isoenzyme 2, 0.21 mM at pH 7.70 for glucose. The Km value of isoenzyme1 for fructose was 28.8 mM. Essentially isoenzyme 2 can not utilize fructose. None of the isoenzymes were inhibited by trehalose-6-phophate.The monomer moleculer weight of isoenzymes were estimated SDS PAGE analysis. There were two different values for molecular weight of isoenzmye 1; 62.9 and 42.5 kDa and two values for isoenzyme 2; 56.2 and 41.6 kDa