Targeted disruption of homoserine dehydrogenase gene and its effect on cephamycin C production in Streptomyces clavuligerus

Yilmaz, Ebru I.
Caydasi, Ayse K.
Özcengiz, Gülay
The aspartate pathway of Streptomyces clavuligerus is an important primary metabolic pathway which provides substrates for beta-lactam synthesis. In this study, the hom gene which encodes homoserine dehydrogenase was cloned from the cephamycin C producer S. clavuligerus NRRL 3585 and characterized. The fully sequenced open reading frame encodes 433 amino acids with a deduced M (r) of 44.9 kDa. The gene was heterologously expressed in the auxotroph mutant Escherichia coli CGSC 5075 and the recombinant protein was purified. The cloned gene was used to construct a plasmid containing a hom disruption cassette which was then transformed into S. clavuligerus. A hom mutant of S. clavuligerus was obtained by insertional inactivation via double crossover, and the effect of hom gene disruption on cephamycin C yield was investigated by comparing antibiotic levels in culture broths of this mutant and in the parental strain. Disruption of hom gene resulted in up to 4.3-fold and twofold increases in intracellular free L-lysine concentration and specific cephamycin C production, respectively, during stationary phase in chemically defined medium.


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The mevalonate pathway plays an important role in providing the cell with a number of essential precursors for the synthesis of biomass constituents. With respect to their chemical structure, the metabolites of this pathway can be divided into two groups: acyl esters [acetoacetyl CoA, acetyl CoA, hydroxymethylglutaryl (HMG) CoA] and phosphorylated metabolites (isopentenyl pyrophosphate, dimethylallyl pyrophosphate, geranyl pyrophosphate, farnesyl pyrophosphate). In this study, we developed a method for the ...
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In this study, the effects of oxygen transfer conditions on the synthesis of the enzyme benzaldehyde lyase as intracellular in recombinant E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS was investigated sistematically and a comprehensive model was developed to determine benzaldehyde lyase activity. For this purpose, the research program was carried out in mainly two parts. In the first part of study, the effects of oxygen transfer together with the mass transfer coefficient (KLa), enhancement factor E (=KLa/KLao), volumetric oxy...
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Citation Formats
E. I. Yilmaz, A. K. Caydasi, and G. Özcengiz, “Targeted disruption of homoserine dehydrogenase gene and its effect on cephamycin C production in Streptomyces clavuligerus,” JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY, pp. 1–7, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: