Provenance studies on limestone archaeological artifacts using trace element analysis

Muşkara, Üftade
Trace element composition of archaeological artifacts is commonly used for provenance studies. Limestone has generally studied by geologists and there are a few researches done by various archaeological sciences. Although it is a common material for buildings and sculpture it is been thought that limestone used had not imported like marbles. Limestone figurines from Datça/Emecik excavations are classified as Cypriote type, which was very popular through 6th century B.C. in the Mediterranean region. Since this type of figurines was found at Emecik numerously to determine its provenance was an important problem. Emecik figurines were examined for their some major, trace elements and REE compositions and results were compared with geological samples which were taken from a near by quarry. Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES), Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICPMS) have been used for analysis. The methods have been optimized by using standard reference material NIST 1d, NCS DC 73306, and IGS40.


Volkan, Mürvet; Ataman, Osman Yavuz (1987-10-01)
Silica modified by the addition of mercapto chelating groups has been developed for the pre-concentration of trace metals from natural waters. This material removes cadmium, copper, lead and zinc from aqueous solution and can be employed for the pre-concentration of these metals by both column and batch techniques. Under column and batch conditions recoveries larger than 95% were common. For batch extractions of cadmium, zinc, copper and lead from sea water, recoveries of 91 ± 5, 98 ± 4, 97 ± 4 and 96 ± 5%,...
Determination of dry deposition fluxes of trace elements in urban atmosphere
Önal, Gülay; Tuncel, Semra G.; Department of Chemistry (2004)
In this work, dry deposition of metals is investigated in an urban area; city of Ankara using snow as a surrogate surface. Two sampling campaigns were conducted to determine dry deposited amount of 13 species namely; H+, Na, K, Al, Mg, Fe, V, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni. First sampling was performed after a major snow fall in Ankara in January 2001, from 4 points according to a predetermined sampling procedure in order to assess background composition of snow. After 12 days, snow samples were collected from 54 p...
Preconcentration of some precious metals using debt impregnated resin
Refiker, Hürmüs; Aygün, Rüveyde Sezer; Department of Chemistry (2005)
In this thesis, trace amounts of gold and silver have been determined by flame absorption spectrometry (FAAS) after preconcentration by N,N-diethyl-N'-benzoylthiourea (DEBT) impregnated resin (Amberlite XAD-16). In the first part of the thesis, sorption behaviours of gold and silver with DEBT impregnated resin under optimized conditions; stirring time, pH, desorption of metals and metal ion capacities of the resin have been studied in batch process. Metal ion capacity of resin is calculated as 0.17 mmol/g r...
Determination of silver by chemical vapour generation and atomic absoption spectrometry
Öztürk, Çağla Pınar; Ataman, Osman Yavuz; Department of Chemistry (2004)
A method for determination of silver has been developed based on chemical vapour generation atomic absorption spectrometry (CVGAAS). Volatile species of silver in acidified medium were generated by the reduction of sodium tetrahydroborate; these species were sent to a flame-heated quartz tube atomizer (QTA) following isolation by using a gas-liquid separator. Flow injection (FI) was used for sample introduction. Optimization of parameters such as; concentrations of acid and NaBH4 concentration, flow rates o...
Determination of germanium at trace levels by chloride generation atomic absorption spectrometry
Kaya, Murat; Volkan, Mürvet; Department of Chemistry (2004)
Trace amounts of germanium is determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry by utilizing the vaporization of germanium tetrachloride. Using a continuous flow reactor, sample solution is mixed with concentrated hydrochloric acid and heated to 80ð C to form volatile germanium tetrachloride which can be subsequently sent to N2O-C2H2 flame AAS. The necessary conditions for the volatilization of germanium tetrachloride are investigated in detail and the applicability of the method for the determination of t...
Citation Formats
Ü. Muşkara, “Provenance studies on limestone archaeological artifacts using trace element analysis,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.