Energy-efficient routing to maximize network lifetime in wireless sensor networks

Zengin, Aslı
With various new alternatives of low-cost sensor devices, there is a strong demand for large scale wireless sensor networks (WSN). Energy efficiency in routing is crucial for achieving the desired levels of longevity in these networks. Existing routing algorithms that do not combine information on transmission energies on links, residual energies at nodes, and the identity of data itself, cannot reach network capacity. A proof-of-concept routing algorithm that combines data aggregation with the minimum-weight path routing is studied in this thesis work. This new algorithm can achieve much larger network lifetime when there is redundancy in messages to be carried by the network, a practical reality in sensor network applications.


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Although many energy-aware routing schemes have been proposed for wireless ad hoc networks, they are not optimized for networks with heterogeneous power supplies, where nodes may run on battery or be connected to the mains (grid network). In this paper, we propose several energy-aware routing algorithms for such ad hoc networks. The proposed algorithms feature directing the traffic load dynamically towards mains-powered devices keeping the hop count of selected routes minimal. We unify these algorithms into...
Citation Formats
A. Zengin, “Energy-efficient routing to maximize network lifetime in wireless sensor networks,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.