Duty cycle control in wireless sensor networks

Yılmaz, Mine
Recent advances in wireless communication and micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) have led to the development of implementation of low-cost, low power, multifunctional sensor nodes. These sensor node are small in size and communicate untethered in short distances. The nodes in sensor networks have limited battery power and it is not feasible or possible to recharge or replace the batteries, therefore power consumption should be minimized so that overall network lifetime will be increased. In order to minimize power consumed during idle listening, some nodes, which can be considered redundant, can be put to sleep. In this thesis study, basic routing algorithms and duty cycle control algorithms for WSNs in the literature are studied. One of the duty cycle control algorithms, Role Alternating, Coverage Preserving, and Coordinated Sleep algorithm (RACP) is examined and simulated using the ns2 simulation environment. A novel duty cycle control algorithm, Sink Initiated Path Formation (SIPF) is proposed and compared to RACP in terms of sleep sensor ratio and time averaged coverage.


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Citation Formats
M. Yılmaz, “Duty cycle control in wireless sensor networks,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.