Performance assessment of compacted bentonite/sand mixtures utilized as isolation material in underground waste disposal repositories

Ada, Mahir
The design and development of isolation or backfill materials, which seal the disposal facility, are important for disposing the wastes. The use of compacted bentonite-sand for construction of shaft seals and liners for waste containment structures has been proposed by various studies. Therefore; it is aimed in this study to develop an isolation material to be used in underground waste repositories. For such designs to be effective, their performance need to be assessed and a minimum hydraulic conductivity requirement defined by regulatory agencies should be satisfied (i.e. 1x10-8 m/s in Turkey, 1x10-9 m/s in USA). Therefore; this study assesses the performance of compacted bentonite/sand mixtures in terms of hydrological and mechanical properties. To be able to assess the performance of this material, a variety of laboratory tests were carried out. Engineering geological tests such as compaction, falling head permeability, swelling, unconfined compression and shear strength tests were conducted to select an optimum mixture. Finally, an optimum bentonite-sand mixture possessing 30% bentonite was recommended for the isolation of underground waste disposal facilities.


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Citation Formats
M. Ada, “Performance assessment of compacted bentonite/sand mixtures utilized as isolation material in underground waste disposal repositories,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.