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Tensile behavior of chemically bonded post-installed anchors in low strength reinforced concretes

Mazılıgüney, Levent
After the 1999 Kocaeli Earthquake, the use of chemically bonded post-installed anchors has seen a great growth for retrofits in Turkey. Currently, chemically bonded post-installed anchors are designed from related tables provided by adhesive manufacturers and a set of equations based on laboratory pullout tests on normal or high strength concretes. Unfortunately, concrete compressive strengths of existing buildings, which need retrofit for earthquake resistance, ranges within 5 to 16 MPa. The determination of tensile strength of chemically bonded anchors in low-strength concretes is an obvious prerequisite for the design and reliability of retrofit projects. Since chemically bonded anchors result in the failure of concrete, adhesive-concrete interface or anchored material, the ultimate resistance of anchor can be predicted through the sum of the contributions of concrete strength, properties of anchored material (which is steel for this work), and anchorage depth. In this work, all three factors and the predictions of current tables and equations related to anchorages are examined throughout site tests.