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Light stability and the effect of temperature on mechanical properties of polypropylene / poly (ethylene-vinyl-acetate) blends

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2007
Güçlü, Mehmet
The variation in properties of Polypropylene (PP) / Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) blends upon EVA content, temperature, and light stability were followed by using tensile testing, impact testing, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Young’s modulus of the blends decreased with increasing drawing temperature and EVA content. The stress at break values of the blends slightly increased with EVA whereas decreased with drawing temperature. The percent strain at break values of the blends were found to increase abruptly by increasing EVA content and drawing temperature. These changes in the mechanical properties are the indication of compatibility. The impact tests were performed only at 0°C, 25°C and the impact strength increased with the temperature and EVA content, but none of the samples were broken at higher testing temperatures. The effect of stabilizer was very obvious because stabilizer-free samples failed after 400 hours whereas, the samples with stabilizer resisted up to 750 hours. Elongation values of the samples decreased because of increasing brittleness by UV irradiation. We also observed chain stiffening effect by crosslinking in all samples upon UV irradiation. Thermal analysis of the blends of the drawn samples showed an increasing trend of crsytallinity with increasing drawing temperature. Increasing drawing temperature made polymer chains more flexible because of the increasing chain mobility. These flexible chains were then oriented in one direction during tensile testing and therefore uniaxial crystallization occurred. The morphology of impact and tensile tests samples were also analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The fibrillation of pure PP is higher than the fibrillation of the blends.