Synthesis and characterization of copolymers of diisocyanates and dialcohol

Keskin, Selda
This study was aimed to synthesize low molecular weight hydroxyl terminated polyurethane acrylate polymers that can be used in biomedical applications. Acrylate end capping via inter-esterification reaction was successfully achieved with the methacryloyl chloride addition to the hydroxyl ends of the polyurethane at low temperatures. Isocyanate terminated polyurethane acrylates were also synthesized for the sake of comparison. TDI, HDI and MDI were used as diisocyanates for urethane synthesis and they were end capped with MMA and HEMA. Nature of the monomers used had an effect on thermal, morphological, and rheological properties that were interpreted in terms of the level of hydrogen bonding and degree of phase separation. Synthesized polymers were characterized by NMR, FTIR-ATR, DSC, TGA, GPC, Mass Spectroscopy, SEM and rheometry. In the literature, polyurethane acrylate polymers have been synthesized from the isocyanate terminated polyurethanes in which the urethane chains were ended with isocyanate groups. However, the toxicity of the isocyanate groups limited their biomedical applications especially in prosthetic dentistry as a soft lining material. Therefore, it is inevitable to explore the cytotoxicity of polyurethane acrylate polymers. For this purpose, silver nanoparticles that have an average particle size of 40 nm, were incorporated to the synthesized polymers. This addition, which intends to improve the degree of cytotoxicity, was successful to a certain extent.


Synthesis and characterization of polythiophene/montmorillonite and polythiophene/polypropylene composites
Dülgerbaki, Çiğdem; Küçükyavuz, Zuhal; Department of Chemistry (2006)
In this study, polythiophene(PTP)/montmorillonite(MMT) nanocomposites were synthesized by in situ intercalative polymerization and chemical oxidative polymerization. In in situ intercalative polymerization method, composites containing 90 and 95% MMT were prepared. In chemical oxidative polymerization method, a series of composites ranging from 1 to 15% by weight MMT were synthesized. Thermal and morphological properties of samples were investigated by Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC), Thermal Gravim...
Synthesis, characterization, and polymerization of polyether bridged thiophene and aniline derivatives
Tirkeş, Seha; Önal, Ahmet Muhtar; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2008)
New compounds consisting of 3-thienyl and aniline units linked by polyether bridges have been synthesized and their electrochemical polymerization was performed via constant potential electrolysis and cyclic voltammetry. In the case of 3-thienyl derivatives two compounds, 1,12-di-3-thienyl-2,5,8,11-tetraoxadodecane (MI) and 1,15-di-3-thienyl-2,5,8,11,14-pentaoxapentadecane (MII) were synthesized utilizing literature methods and their corresponding polymers, poly(I) and poly(II) were prepared in an electroly...
Synthesis and characterization of polypyrrole nanoparticles and their nanocomposites with polypropylene
Baytekin, Sevil; Küçükyavuz, Zuhal; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2009)
Conducting polypyrrole (PPy) nanoparticles were synthesized via microemulsion polymerization system. The characterization of PPy nanoparticles was done by Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Nanocomposites were prepared by melt-mixing of polypyrrole with polypropylene (PP) and processed with injection molding. The amount of PPy in nanocomposites varied in the range of 1-20% by weight. The effect of PPy nanoparticles on mechanical, electrical properties and ...
Production and characterization of boron containing flame retardant polyamide-6 and polypropylene composites and fibers
Doğan, Mehmet; Bayramlı, Erdal; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2011)
The main objective of this study was to produce flame retardant polyamide-6 (PA-6) and polypropylene (PP) composites and fibers containing boron compounds. The synergistic effect on flame retardancy of boron compounds (boron silicon containing oligomer (BSi), zinc borate (ZnB), boron phosphate (BPO4), metal oxide doped BPO4 and lanthanum borate (LaB)) with conventional flame retardants were investigated. The synergistic effect of nano-clay with commercial flame retardants was also investigated in order to r...
Synthesis and characterization of polybenzoxazine
Efe, Tuğba; Tinçer, Teoman; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2009)
A new method for polybenzoxazine synthesis was developed and carried out throughout this work. Bisphenol-A, hexamethylenediamine, and paraformaldehyde were reacted through Mannich condensation reaction forming polybenzoxazine precursors. The reaction was followed by Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC) as a molecular weight determination method in order to decide the end of reaction. The synthesized product, polybenzoxazine precursors, was polymerized thermally. Polybenzoxazine precursors were also character...
Citation Formats
S. Keskin, “Synthesis and characterization of copolymers of diisocyanates and dialcohol,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2008.