Consolidation of Jordanian national identity: “rethinking internal unrest and external challenges in shaping Jordanian identity and foreign policy”

Köprülü, Nur
This thesis analyzes the impact of two external challenges, the Palestinian dimension and the outbreak of al-Aqsa intifada, and the US war in Iraq in transforming the politics of identity in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The Kingdom of Jordan, created as a part of post-war settlement in 1921, considered as the most ‘artifical’ among all the states in the Middle East that has been successfully consolidated. Since Jordan was not the ancestral land of Hashemite family, the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan posited the country at the core of discussions on identity and nation-building. In addition, the identity formation in Jordan offers a case that can easily be found in most parts of the Middle East where multiple sub-state and supra-state identities demarcate and shape the formulation of popular loyalties. Given the historical and political linkage that has closely bound Jordanian and Palestinian entities, Jordanian political history as a separate entity has for the most part coincided with Palestinian national movement. The Palestinian issue has become central to Jordan’s politics of identity particularly with Jordan’s annexation of the West Bank in 1950 and the incorporation of the Palestinians into Jordanian society. The huge influx of Palestinian community led to the emergence of an ‘ethnic division’ between the East Bankers (native Jordanians) and the West Bankers (Palestinian origin Jordanians). Since the annexation of the West Bank territories, the Kingdom opted to build a hybrid Jordanian identity to integrate Palestinian descents into Jordan. Jordan has lately caught between two external challenges across its western and eastern borders. The outbreak of the al-Aqsa intifada in 2000 and the US war in Iraq in 2003 have devastatingly transformed Jordan’s identity formation. The ‘Jordan First, Arab Second’ Campaign constitutes regime’s primary response to cope with these regional crises. The ‘Jordan First’ initiative epitomizes a new era in the Kingdom, not only for re-building Jordanian norms and expectations, but also helps to notice the de-liberalizing efforts of the monarchy to contain and demolish any kind of opposition posed by domestic unrest. These two external disturbances will, therefore, help to illustrate that a causal relationship between identity and foreign policy can be drawn in the case of Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.


The 'Kurdish question' in Turkey From the Perspectives of Kurdish University students
Effeney, Elizabeth; Erdemir, Aykan; Department of Middle East Studies (2009)
This thesis is concerned with extrapolating some central issues of the so-called “Kurdish Question” in the Republic of Turkey by applying political anthropological theory and methodologies. It attempts to guage the political identities of five Kurdish University students and understand their perspectives on what constitutes and propogates Kurdish political discontents in the Republic. The following research questions have been addressed: How is Turkey‟s “Kurdish question” (Kürt Meselesi) perceived and defin...
Hezbollah and its position towards Israel
Özkaya, Tuğba; Dağı, İhsan Duran; Department of Middle East Studies (2009)
This thesis analyses how Hezbollah has perceived Israel since its establishment. In this study it is argued that Israel is the main enemy of and source of hatred for Hezbollah. The references of this overall statement are the ideology and political, social and military history of Hezbollah. The armed struggle of Hezbollah against Israel started with the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon evolved into both a political participation with the continued armed militia in the period between 1982 to today. During th...
Sectarian Actors in Foreign Policy Making: 2006 Lebanese War Revisited
Tinas, Murat; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem (2018-01-01)
This paper analyses the role of sub-state sectarian actors in foreign policy making in weakly established states by re-visiting the July War of 2006 in Lebanon. It mainly asks how sub-state sectarian actors behave as foreign policy actors in countries where society is divided along sectarian identities and how sectarian identities matter in terms of the definition of the self and the other and the ally and the enemy in weak states. By doing so, the paper analyses the emergence and the consolidation of forei...
Ethnicity and identity in international relations
Sezal, Semra Ranâ; Yurdusev, Ahmet Nuri; Department of International Relations (2002)
The aim of this thesis is to combine two different areas of study, namely identity studies and International Relations (IR) and find a place for IP (Identity Politics) in IR theorizing in order to reach a better understanding on ethnic conflicts, ethnic politics and identity politics in world politics. The study tries to ask and answer questions posed by the identity studies spectrum for the theory of IR and by doing so seeks to fill a gap in the mainstream IR theory, which fails to account for and explain ...
The Intra-islamic conflicts and the shifting dynamics of the Middle East regional security complex from the Iraq war to the rise of ISIS
Khodabandeh Loui, Hadi; Şen, Mustafa; Department of Middle East Studies (2019)
This thesis aims to analyse the impact of intra-Islamic conflicts on the security interactions in the Middle East regional subsystem in the context of the ongoing structural transformation of the region. This study will evaluate two main narratives concerning the role of the sectarian identities on the intra and inter-state security dynamics: 1) Deep Sunni-Shīʿī antagonism as a primordial conflictual factor in the Middle East 2) Sectarian strife has a secondary impact on the ongoing conflicts and is mainly ...
Citation Formats
N. Köprülü, “Consolidation of Jordanian national identity: “rethinking internal unrest and external challenges in shaping Jordanian identity and foreign policy”,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2007.