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Environmental and individual resources, perception of the event, cognitive processing and coping as factors leading to posttraumatic growth among the survivor of myocardial infarction patients and their spouses

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2007
Şenol-Durak, Emre
Posttraumatic Growth (PTG), known as “antithesis” of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (Tedeschi, Park, & Calhoun, 1998, p.3), has been highlighted in the literature as a positive outcome of the trauma.In the literature, environmental resources (e.g., social and familial support), individual resources (e.g., personality traits, socio-demographic variables), perception of the event (e.g., type of trauma, duration of trauma), cognitive processing (e.g. impact of event, religious participation), and coping (e.g. problem focused coping, emotion focused coping) were found as possible factors on the development of PTG. In the present study, a model to predict PTG in the patients suffering from myocardial infarction (MI; heart attack) and their spouses was tested on the basis of environmental and personal resources, the perception of the event and cognitive processing as latent variables. The model, developed by Schaefer and Moos (1998), was empirically analyzed for the first time with patients suffered from myocardial infarction and their spouses by structural equation model (SEM) using AMOS program. MI patients getting the treatment in various hospitals in the city of Bolu (N=151) and their spouses (N=137) completed the measures in 1.5-2 hours sessions. The analysis of the model with the MI patients’ data revealed that both environmental resources and individual resources demonstrated indirect effects on PTG via the effect of the perception of the event, cognitive processing and coping. On the other hand, the analysis of the model for the spouses revealed that individual resources demonstrated indirect effects on PTG through the effect of the perception of the event, cognitive processing and coping while environmental resources did not show significant indirect effects on PTG.The findings were discussed in the context of recent theoretical models of PTG, shortcomings of the current study, clinical implications, and suggestions for future research.