The Relations among childhood interpersonal trauma, dissociation, posttraumatic stress disorder, and disorders of extreme stress not otherwise specified

Özkol, Hivren
This thesis examines the relations among childhood interpersonal trauma, dissociation, and trauma-related symptoms. Types of childhood interpersonal trauma, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and physical neglect, and two types of dissociation, psychoform dissociation and somatoform dissociation, were investigated. Trauma-related symptoms were examined in two symptom clusters: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity and disorders of extreme stress not otherwise specified (DESNOS) symptom severity. 736 adults completed a questionnaire set which includes 6 scales and a d emographic information section. The results indicated that dissociation fully mediated the relation between childhood interpersonal trauma and PTSD symptom severity and also mediated the relation between childhood interpersonal trauma and DESNOS symptom severity. Physical neglect, physical abuse, and sexual abuse was found to be related to psychoform dissociation and physical abuse, emotional abuse, physical neglect, and sexual abuse were associated with somatoform dissociation. Emotional abuse, physical abuse, and sexual abuse significantly predicted DESNOS symptom severity whereas physical abuse and emotional neglect was related to PTSD symptom severity. The results also revealed marked rates of childhood interpersonal trauma and dissociation in Turkish population.The results and their clinical implications were discussed.


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Citation Formats
H. Özkol, “The Relations among childhood interpersonal trauma, dissociation, posttraumatic stress disorder, and disorders of extreme stress not otherwise specified,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2014.