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Representation of the Kurdish question in Hurriyet and Cumhuriyet (1990-2006)

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2007
Bayındır, Özge
The aim of this study is to analyze the transformation of the official discourse and perception of the Kurdish issue and Kurds through its representations in Turkish media since 1990. Ottoman period and the Republican period till 1990s are studied in the first phase, in order to provide the historical backgroud of the Kurdish question and state’s perception of the issue. In the second phase, representations of state’s perception of the Kurdish issue in Hürriyet and Cumhuriyet newspapers are analyzed by using Critical Discourse Analysis techniques. The transformation of the official discourse of the Kurdish issue is examined through eight cases: the Gulf War I in 1991, events occurred during the Parliamentary Oath Ceremony in 1991, Nevruz of 1992, HADEP congress in 1996, capture of Şemdin Sakık in 1998 and Abdullah Öcalan in 1999, the Gulf War II in 2003, Nevruz of 2005, Şemdinli incident and debates on identity in 2005 and 2006. In this study, it is claimed that state’s perception and discourse of the Kurdish issue has transformed since 1990s without a total detachment from its traditional perception and discourse of the issue.