Emotion processes in schizophrenia: in relation with symptomatology and duration of illness

Download
2008
Şenyurt, Ahmet Yasin
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of positive and negative symptoms, and duration of illness on emotion processes; ability to understand emotion related cues, experience of emotion, and expression of emotion. A total of 46 schizophrenia patients from Ankara Oncology Hospital Psychiatry Clinic; 23 of them were diagnosed with schizophrenia for at least 10 years, and 23 of them were diagnosed for less than 10 years, participated in the study. Besides, a total of 23 non-clinical subjects; which were similar to the clinical group in terms of educational information, participated to the study. A video-clip which consists of scenes that elicited four types of emotions (fear, disgust, sadness, happiness) was presented to the participants. Understanding of emotion related cues and the experienced emotion were rated through self-report. Facial expressions of the participants were rated through their recorded faces by three psychologists, who were specifically trained for emotional facial expression rating. Symptomatology was assessed by Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS), and Calgary Depression Scale for schizophrenia patients. Presence of any psychopathology of healthy group was measured through Brief Symptom Inventory. Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) revealed that chronic patients presented more understanding of context impairments than acute patients and non-clinical group. In addition to these findings, positive symptoms assessed by PANSS were found to be positively correlated with the understanding context impairment. Therefore, It was suggested that positive symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions interfere with understanding context task. The results were discussed in the light of the literature and clinical and research implications of the study presented. Finally, necessity of using neurological, biological and cognitive assessment methods for further studies was suggested in order to understand deficits in emotional processes.

Suggestions

The examination of the roles of parental acceptance-rejection/control, personality traits and coping strategies on psychological distress
Işık, Bilgen; Gençöz, Tülin; Department of Psychology (2010)
The purpose of the current study was to examine the path of parental acceptancerejection/ control, personality traits, coping strategies and psychological distress consequently. For the purpose of this study, 444 adults (134 male, 308 female, and 2 unknown) between the ages of 17 and 35 (M = 21.60, SD = 2.77) participated in the current study. The data was collected by a questionnaire battery including a Demographic Variable Sheet, Mother and Father Forms of Parent Acceptance- Rejection/Control Questionnair...
Testing the caregiver stress model with the primary caregivers of schizophrenic patients
Konağ, Özlem; Bozo Özen, Özlem; Department of Psychology (2011)
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the stressors of caregiving for a schizophrenic patient and related outcomes. The Caregiver Stress Model was used as the conceptual framework for the current study. The sample of the study was composed of 98 Turkish caregivers of schizophrenic patients who were treated at psychiatry clinics of hospitals in Ankara. Twelve mediation models were tested using marital satisfaction and social support as mediators. The models contained primary stressor ...
Stress generation in depression: Three studies on its resilience, possible mechanism, and symptom specificity
Joiner, TE; Wingate, LR; Gençöz, Tülin; Gençöz, Faruk (Guilford Publications, 2005-03-01)
Three longitudinal studies examined several issues related to stress generation in depressive symptoms among undergraduates, with emphasis on mechanisms of stress generation. Study 1 replicated the stress generation effect reported in past research. Study 2 replicated Study 1's findings and, furthermore, supported the symptom specificity of stress generation to depressive versus anxious symptoms, and, perhaps most important, found that increases in hopelessness fully accounted for the stress generation find...
The evaluation of psychotherapists in movies in terms of emotional intelligence
Banlı Pala, Müge; Gençöz, Faruk; Department of Psychology (2009)
The aim of the current study was to investigate the impact of psychotherapists’ Emotional Intelligence (EI) on adolescent patients’ perceptions about psychotherapists’ success and on adolescent patients’ preference about psychotherapists to consult. In order to examine EI level of psychotherapists who are represented in selected movies, the Scale for Evaluating Psychotherapist’s Emotional Intelligence was created for specific to this study. 50 high school students aged between 16 and 18 were participated in...
The effects of brief psychoeducation program on the perceived expressed emotion levels of the outpatient schizophrenic patients and expressed emotion levels and burn out levels of their key relatives
Yüksel, Muazzez Merve; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Department of Psychology (2008)
The main aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a brief psycho-educational intervention for the key relatives of schizophrenic patients, on perceived expressed emotion of patients, and the expressed emotion and burn out of their key relatives. Seventy five schizophrenic patients and their key relatives were included in the study. They were assigned into three groups randomly. The key relatives in the first experimental group were given a one-day psychoeducational workshop and written material pa...
Citation Formats
A. Y. Şenyurt, “Emotion processes in schizophrenia: in relation with symptomatology and duration of illness,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.