Emotional aspects of psychological symptoms: the roles of parenting attitudes and emotion dysregulation

Safrancı, Başak
The current study aimed to explore an integrative model of emotions in psychological symptoms. In order to achieve this model, the primary purpose of the study was to examine the influences of perceived parenting styles and emotional experiences on emotion dysregulation and psychological problems. The second aim was to investigate the moderator roles of emotion regulation strategies in the relationship between emotional experiences and these psychological problems. Based on these objectives, the present study was carried out with 544 participants (408 females and 136 males) whose ages ranged between 18 and 50 (M = 26.52, SD = 7.30). In addition to demographic information form, a group of self-report questionnaires was administered including Short - Egna Minnen Betraffande Uppfostoran -Own Memories of Upbringing, Test of Self-Conscious Affect-3, Trait Anger – Anger Expression Inventory, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait Form, Beck Depression Inventory, and Penn State Worry Questionnaire. According to the results, paternal rejection and maternal overprotection had significant effects on the increase of most of the difficulties in emotion regulation and psychological symptoms including depression, trait anxiety and proneness worry. After controlling the effects of parental attitudes, among emotional experiences, particularly shame proneness, trait anger and internalizing anger, were significantly associated with different difficulties in emotion regulation and psychological problems. In addition to that, limited access to effective emotion regulation strategies was found to significant in the increase of all groups of psychological symptom. Finally, the effects of emotional experiences on psychological symptoms were moderated by two emotion regulation strategies, namely suppression and cognitive reappraisal. The findings were discussed in light of relevant literature


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Citation Formats
B. Safrancı, “Emotional aspects of psychological symptoms: the roles of parenting attitudes and emotion dysregulation,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2015.