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Studies on the development of magnetoelectric ceramic composites

Başaran, Yankı
The aim of this thesis work was to develop magnetoelectric (ME) composites consisting of piezoelectric and magnetostrictive components. The piezoelectric constituent was selected as a PZT ceramic modified by strontium, bismuth and manganese. The magnetostrictive phase was nickel ferrite (NF) ceramic doped by cobalt, copper and manganese. The properties of component phases were optimized in order to enhance the ME effect in the composite. In the first part of the thesis, effects of sintering temperature on the dielectric and piezoelectric properties of PZT and on the electrical and magnetic properties of NF ceramics were investigated in the temperature range covered from 1150 to 1250 °C. The best piezoelectric properties in PZT were attained at 1250 °C. At this sintering temperature, values of piezoelectric strain coefficient, dielectric constant, and electromechanical coupling coefficient were 434 pC/N, 1320 and 0.48, respectively. NF ceramics showed poor densification; 80 %TD was attained at 1250 °C. In order to obtain higher densities in ferrites, Bi2O3 was used as a sintering aid. Addition of Bi2O3 enhanced densification up to 97 %TD, and improved electrical and magnetic properties of ferrites. Highest DC-resistivity of 1.15*10^8 ohm-cm and highest magnetostriction of ~26 ppm were attained in NF ceramics doped with 1 wt% Bi2O3. In the second part of the thesis, ME composites were manufactured either as bulk composites or as laminated composites. The efficiency of different composite types was evaluated in terms of voltage output in response to the applied magnetic field. Higher outputs were observed in laminated composites.