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Theory and practice: socio-political and philosophical dynamics in the evolution of the grid-plan in Ancient Greek cities

Işık, Özgür Emre
Social, political and philosophical dynamics which supposedly played an important role in the formation of the grid-plan in ancient Greek cities are explored in this thesis. In this respect, the thesis aims to expose the socio-political and philosophical matrix of Greek society in which the grid was implemented with an emphasis on the concepts of “equality,” “rationality” and “geometric harmony.” Having formulated a theoretical framework, it concentrates on several cases from different regions and contexts in the Mediterranean in order to confirm this framework. The thesis investigates the nature of the Greek grid-plan within three main parts; first the grid-plans of non-Greek cultures with which ancient Greeks had close contacts; second the relationship between the grid-plan and political power in Greek poleis with special attention to the formation of ‘egalitarian’ ideals in society; third the physical expressions of the philosophical concepts of “perfection,” “mathematical regularity” and “geometrical equality” in the cosmos on urban pattern.