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Darzens reaction of substituted alfa-bromo acetophenones with acyl phosphonates

Pirkin, Eser
Phosphorous containing small cycles are very important building blocks in organic and medicinal chemistry. Many of their derivatives, especially cyclopropyl- and 1,2- epoxypropylphosphonates, have attracted great attention due to the broad spectrum of their biological properties including antiviral, anticancer, antibiotic, antibacterial, pesticidal, insecticidal and enzyme inhibitory activities. The Darzens condensation is one of the most potential methodologies for the preperation of α,β-epoxy carbonyl compounds with complete control of two stereogenic centers. The Darzens condensation reaction represents one of the classical C-C and C-O bond-forming processes. In the first part of the thesis, reactions of a broad range of acyl phosphonates with substituted α-bromo acetophenones at room temperature in the presence of different bases were examined in order to illustrate the reaction and the substituent effect on the reaction. The reaction affords two diastereomeric epoxy phosphonates in good yields and high diastereoselectivities. In the second part of the thesis, it is shown that a variety of radicals can be generated from the substituted aryl boronic acids with Mn(OAc)3. In the presence of acetonitrile, these radicals were added to carbon of acetonitrile to afford the corresponding ketones after hydrolysis of the formed imine with moderate to good yields.