Transformation of public space : the case of Hacibayram Square

Kulözü, Neslihan
Public space has been an important social and political space throughout the history. Although there are various definitions of the term public space in the literature, it can be defined as a place of interaction and social contact among different groups and individuals. Besides, the meaning, form and function of public spaces differ due to different socio-cultural structures of societies. The form of a public space is an essential urban design issue. Moreover, the meaning and function of a space have been also considered as the urban spatial form through the urban design processes. Since the period when Ankara has been conceived and designed as a spatial project of the Turkish Republic in 1924, Hacıbayram Square has been transformed within the historical meaning, urban function and spatial form. Through changing contradictions and actors, these transformations have been experienced. Hacıbayram Square with its meaning, function and form in the 1930s shows differences from Hacıbayram Square in the first map of Ankara (1839), which is drawn by Von Vincke. However, although the meaning, function and form of the Square have been transformed with the effects of every urban project, the political character of the square transformed but protected itself. Through this study, it is aimed to analyze how the historical meaning, urban function and spatial form of Hacıbayram Square have been transformed within a historical perspective.


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Citation Formats
N. Kulözü, “Transformation of public space : the case of Hacibayram Square,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.