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Finite element study on local buckling and energy dissipation of seismic bracing

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2008
Kuşyılmaz, Ahmet
Seismic provisions for steel buildings present limiting width-thickness and slenderness ratios for bracing members. Most of these limits were established based on experimental observations. The number of experimental studies is limited due to the costs associated with them. With the rapid increase in computing power; however, it is now possible to conduct finite element simulation of brace components using personal computers. A finite element study has been undertaken to evaluate the aforementioned limits for pin-ended pipe section steel braces. Fifty four tubular pipe brace models possessing different diameter-to-thickness ratios varying from 5 to 30 and slenderness ratios varying from 40 to 200 were analyzed. The effect of cyclic hardening modulus on the response of braces was explored. In all analysis, the models were subjected to reversed cyclic displacements up to ten times the yield displacement. Local buckling was traced during the loading history using a criterion based on local strains. Results are presented in terms of the ductility level attained by the member at the onset of local buckling. It is shown that local buckling of the section is influenced by the diameter-to-thickness and the slenderness ratios of the member. Moreover, the amount of hardening modulus was found to affect the local buckling response significantly. The need to include this material property into seismic provisions is demonstrated. Finally, the hysteretic energy dissipated by the member was quantified for each displacement excursion.