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Experimental and numerical investigation of buckling restrained braces

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2009
Eryaşar, Mehmet Emrah
A typical buckling restrained brace (BRB) consists of a core segment and a buckling restraining mechanism. When compared to a conventional brace, BRBs provide nearly equal axial yield force in tension and compression. Buckling restraining mechanism can be grouped into two main categories. Buckling is inhibited either by using a concrete or mortar filled steel tube or by using steel sections only. While a large body of knowledge exists on buckling restrained braces the behavior of steel encased BRBs has not been studied in detail. Another area that needs further investigation is the detailing of the deboding material. For all types of BRBs a debonding material or a gap has to be utilized between the core brace and the restraining mechanism. The main function of the debonding material is to eliminate the transfer of shear force between the core brace and the restraining mechanism by preventing or reducing the friction. A two phase research study has been undertaken to address these research needs. In the first phase an experimental study was carried out to investigate the potential of using steel encased BRBs. In the second phase a numerical study was conducted to study the friction problem in BRBs. The experimental study revealed that steel encased braces provide stable hysteretic behavior and can be an alternative to mortar filled steel tubes. Material and geometric properties of the debonding layer for desired axial load behavior were identified and presented herein.