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Properties of light and heavy baryons in light cone qcd sum rules formalism

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2009
Azizi, Kazem
In this thesis, we investigate the masses, form factors and magnetic dipole moments of some light octet, decuplet and heavy baryons containing a single heavy quark in the framework of the light cone QCD sum rules. The magnetic dipole moments can be measured considering radiative transitions within a multiplet or between multiplets. Analyzing the transitions among the baryons and calculating the above mentioned parameters can give us insight into the structure of those baryons. In analyzing the aforementioned processes, the transition form factors play a crucial role. In this thesis, the form factors for these transitions are calculated using the light cone QCD sum rules approach. In the limit when the light quark masses are equal, mu = md = ms, QCD has an SU(3) flavour symmetry which can be used to classify the light baryons. This classification results in the light decuplet, octet and singlet baryons. The baryons containing single heavy quark, on the other hand, can be classified according to the spin of the light degrees of freedom in the heavy quark limit, mQ ->infinity. QCD at low energies, when the baryons are formed, is a non-perturbative theory. Hence, for phenomenology of the baryons, the QCD sum rules as a more powerful non-perturbative approach is used. Understanding the properties of nucleons is one of the main objectives of QCD. To investigate the properties of the nucleons, the axial N-Delta(1232) transition form factors are calculated within the light cone QCD sum rules method. A comparison of our results on those form factors with the predictions of lattice QCD and quark model is presented. The nucleon electromagnetic form factors are also calculated in the same framework using the most general form of the nucleon interpolating current. Using two forms of the distribution amplitudes (DA’s), predictions for the form factors are presented and compared with existing experimental data. It is shown that our results describe the existing experimental data remarkably well. Another important property of the baryons is their magnetic moments. The magnetic moments of the heavy \Xi_Q (Q = b or c) baryons containing a single charm or bottom quark are calculated within the light cone QCD sum rules approach. A comparison of our results with the predictions of other approaches, such as relativistic and nonrelativistic quark models, hyper central model, Chiral perturbation theory, soliton and skyrmion models is presented. Moreover, inspired by the results of recent experimental discoveries for charm and bottom baryons, the masses and magnetic moments of the heavy baryons with J^2P = 3/2^+ containing a single heavy quark are studied also within the light cone QCD sum rules method. Our results on the masses of heavy baryons are in good agreement with predictions of other approaches, as well as with the existing experimental values. Our predictions on the masses of the states, which are not experimentally discovered yet, can be tested in the future experiments. A comparison of our results on the magnetic moments of these baryons and the hyper central model predictions is also presented.