Global urban localization of an outdoor mobile robot using satellite images

Doğruer, Can Ulaş
In this dissertation, the mapping of outdoor environments and localization of a mobile robot in that setting is considered. It is well known that in the absence of a map or precise pose estimates, localization and mapping is a coupled problem. However, in this dissertation this problem is decoupled in to two disjoint steps; mapping and localization on the acquired map. First the images of the outdoor environment is downloaded from a website such as Google Earth and then these images are processed by utilizing several artificial neural network topologies to create maps. Once these maps are obtained, the localization is done by using Monte Carlo localization. This dissertation addresses a solution for the information which is most of the time taken for granted in most studies; a prior map of environment. Mapping is solved by using a novel approach; the map of the environment is created by processing satellite images. Several global localization techniques are developed and evaluated to be used with these map so as to localize a mobile robot globally. The outcome of this novel approach presented here may serve as a virtual GPS. Mobile phone applications can localize a user within a circle of uncertainty without GPS. This crude localization may be used to download relevant satellite images of the local environment. Once the mobile robot is localized on the map created from the satellite images by using available techniques in the literature i.e. Monte Carlo localization, it may be claimed that it is localized on Earth.


Simultaneous localization and mapping for a mobile robot operating in outdoor environments
Sezginalp, Emre; Konukseven, Erhan İlhan; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2007)
In this thesis, a method to the solution of autonomous navigation problem of a robot working in an outdoor application is sought. The robot will operate in unknown terrain where there is no a priori map present, and the robot must localize itself while simultaneously mapping the environment. This is known as Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) problem in the literature. The SLAM problem is attempted to be solved by using the correlation between range data acquired at different poses of the robot. A...
Prediction of slip in cable-drum systems using structured neural networks
KILIÇ, Ergin; Dölen, Melik (SAGE Publications, 2014-02-01)
This study focuses on the slip prediction in a cable-drum system using artificial neural networks for the prospect of developing linear motion sensing scheme for such mechanisms. Both feed-forward and recurrent-type artificial neural network architectures are considered to capture the slip dynamics of cable-drum mechanisms. In the article, the network development is presented in a progressive (step-by-step) fashion for the purpose of not only making the design process transparent to the readers but also hig...
Optimal external configuration design of missiles
Tanıl, Çağatay; Platin, Bülent Emre; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2009)
The main area of emphasis in this study is to investigate the methods and technology for aerodynamic configuration sizing of missiles and to develop a software platform in MATLAB® environment as a design tool which has an ability of optimizing the external configuration of missiles for a set of flight requirements specified by the user through a graphical user interface. A genetic algorithm based optimization tool is prepared by MATLAB is expected to help the designer to find out the best external geometry ...
Modeling, identification and real time position control of a two-axis gimballed mirror system
Çağatay, Kartal; Platin, Bülent Emre; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2010)
This work focuses on modeling, parameter estimation, and real-time position control of a two axis Gimbaled Mirror System (GMS) which is designed and manufactured to move an IR spot generated by an Infra Red Scene Generator System (IRSGS) in two orthogonal axes (elevation and azimuth) within the IR scene which is also generated by the IRSGS. Mathematical models of the GMS, the control system, and the disturbance torque originated from the movements of Flight Motion Simulator (FMS), on which the IRSGS will be...
Flexible multibody dynamic modeling and simulation of rhex hexapod robot with half circular compliant legs
Oral, Gökhan; Yazıcıoğlu, Yiğit; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2008)
The focus of interest in this study is the RHex robot, which is a hexapod robot that is capable of locomotion over rugged, fractured terrain through statically and dynamically stable gaits while stability of locomotion is preserved. RHex is primarily a research platform that is based on over five years of previous research. The purpose of the study is to build a virtual prototype of RHex robot in order to simulate different behavior without manufacturing expensive prototypes. The virtual prototype is modele...
Citation Formats
C. U. Doğruer, “Global urban localization of an outdoor mobile robot using satellite images,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2009.