Criticism of technology in terms of social determinism: perspectives of scientists from Turkey

Gökdemir, Fatma Kübra
Technology conceptualized as a social entity and a relation has attained new meanings and inquired based on different methodological and theoretical standpoints since 1970s. It was widely recognized as autonomous however it emerges and related to social relations and have a determining role on social, economic and political character of societies. The role of technology in transforming scientific knowledge into needs of society is mostly considered within pragmatic understanding. The aim of integrating and questioning the social character of technology lead to critical contemporary discussions of technology. The goal of this study is to question whether technology is socially shaped and dependent or independent/autonomous social entity. That is whether it is largely external-outside of society, exogenous, supra-social and posses its own path or it is a socially dependent entity. This study thus aims to provide a critical inquiry on technological determinism and the social determinism is examined in the light of in-depth interviews carried out with scientists from Turkey. The social character of technology is related to issues concerning the expansion of capitalist social relations: uncertain, risky and rational.


Social and spatial production of Atatürk Boulevard in Ankara
Koçak, Feryal Ayşın; Ecevit, Mehmet Cihan; Department of Sociology (2008)
Space is a social product and produced socially. For a social analysis, it is therefore necessary to put equal emphasis on conceptualisations of time and space and to analyse the production process of space. This thesis aims to analyse the production of capitalist space and it is based on Lefebvre’s conceptualisation of ‘production of space’ within the context of Marxist urban space theories. It is based on the argument that every mode of production creates its own spaces and the new spaces call for new soc...
The real and the imaginary thresholds of ottoman subjectivity
Taştan, Coşkun; Taştan, Coşkun; Department of Sociology (2010)
This work examines the nature of frames that restrict our perspectives and thus give birth to such sociological entities like societies, communities and nations. How is the dualism of “inside-outside” created on sociological and psychic levels? More importantly, what instruments play what kind of roles in the creation of that dualism? Examining the formation of Ottoman subjectivity as a case, this study gives original answers to these questions. The psychoanalytic theory, which opened a new methodological d...
E-governmentalisation of the state: on the way to society of control?
Topak, Özgün Erdener; Topal, Çağatay; Department of Sociology (2009)
In this study, the emergence of e-government as a ‘governing rationality’ (i.e. e-governmentalisation) is analyzed from the Foucauldian genealogical perspective. In that sense, the type of governing rationalities, the modes of subjectivities, the strategies of power-knowledge and the practices of normalization/inclusion and exclusion that are linked to the emergence of e-governmentalisation are emphasized. Deleuze’s essay on ‘the societies of control’ is used as a theoretical framework in which the emergenc...
Dynamics of knowledge production and the social formation of the university
Ceyhun, Murat; Topal, Çağatay; Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies (2010)
The purpose of this thesis is to establish a preliminary foundation of a research method aimed at understanding the social identity, role and function of the university. In this respect, it aims at identifying and articulating a set of issues, concepts, questions, social dynamics and so on, which have to be addressed and investigated carefully, before starting to build such a research method. To this end, the thesis focuses on and analyzes a recent debate on the changing nature of the contemporary social sy...
Turkish world music: multiple fusions and authenticities
Değirmenci, Koray; Yıldırım, Erdoğan; Department of Sociology (2008)
This dissertation investigates the case of world music in Turkey as an illustration of the discursive mechanisms involved in the production of a global cultural form from what the globality has defined as the ‘local’. The study attempts to show the complicated nature of the process by examining how the musical forms and themes supposedly belonging to the ‘local’ are incorporated into and appropriated in the discourses associated with world music and into the corresponding strategies of the actors. The discu...
Citation Formats
F. K. Gökdemir, “Criticism of technology in terms of social determinism: perspectives of scientists from Turkey,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.