A critical evaluation of housing co-operatives in Turkey within the framework of collective action theories: a case study in Ankara and İstanbul

Özkan, Alper
Co-operatives and housing co-operatives as main consideration of the dissertation are historically and philosophically developed institutions. Co-operative culture, although emerged in Britain during early phases of the industrial revolution, has been adapted by other countries within socialist, social democratic and even communist systems. In the contemporary era, housing co-operatives are still in existence and contribute housing production all over the world in every economic and political system. Institutional development of housing co-operatives in Turkey can be regarded as a process of adapting a Western institution and it shows how contextual differences result in changes in terms of ideology and implementation. In this respect, the thesis aims to evaluate Turkish housing co-operatives by putting forward their contextual differences. Housing co-operatives are non-governmental organizations and produce considerable amount of housing in Turkey. The dissertation regards housing co-operatives as a kind of collective action and discusses underlying factors of success of them with respect to collective action theories. Free riding, group size, critical mass, heterogeneity, network density and selective incentives are the factors obtained from the Theory of Free Rider and the Theory of Critical Mass and discussed regarding the Turkish co-operative development case to be tested via “The Housing Co-operatives Interview Survey” in İstanbul and Ankara. The thesis’ findings provide that despite there might be expected effects of factors on success of housing co-operatives, these factors might be different due to the fact that they depends on desires of the critical mass; whether to act in favor of collective or individual benefits.


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Citation Formats
A. Özkan, “A critical evaluation of housing co-operatives in Turkey within the framework of collective action theories: a case study in Ankara and İstanbul,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2009.