Light flicker evaluation of electric arc furnaces based on novel signal processing algorithms

Köse, Neslihan
In this research work, two new flickermeters are proposed to estimate the light flicker caused by electric arc furnaces (EAFs) where the system frequency deviates significantly. In these methods, analytical expressions of the instantaneous light flicker sensation are obtained beginning from a voltage waveform and these expressions are used to obtain a flicker estimation method based on the IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) flickermeter. First method is a spectral decomposition based approach using DFT to estimate the light flicker. The leakage effect of the DFT algorithm due to fundamental frequency variation is reduced by employing spectral amplitude correction procedure around the fundamental frequency. Second method is a Kalman filter based approach, in which the frequency domain components of the voltage waveform are obtained by Kalman filtering. Then these components are used to obtain the light flicker. Since the frequency decomposition is obtained by Kalman filtering, no leakage effect of the DFT is involved in case of frequency deviations which is an important advantage. Both methods are tested on both simulated data and field data obtained from three different EAF plants where the flicker level and frequency variation is considerably high. The comparison with the digital realization of the IEC flickermeter shows that the methods are successful in estimating light flicker with low computational complexity. The methods are especially useful for conditions such as disturbances and subsequent system transients where the system frequency deviates significantly, since the methods avoid the need for online sampling rate adjustment to prevent the DFT leakage effect.


RF coil system design for MRI applications inhomogeneous main magnetic field
Yılmaz, Ayhan Ozan; Aşkar, Murat; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2007)
In this study, RF coil geometries are designed for MRI applications using inhomogeneous main magnetic fields. The current density distributions that can produce the desired RF magnetic field characteristics are obtained on predefined cubic, cylindrical and planar surfaces and Tikhonov, CGLS, TSVD and Rutisbauer regularization methods are applied to match the desired and generated magnetic fields. The conductor paths, which can produce the current density distribution calculated for each surface selection an...
Magnetic resonance current density imaging using one component of magnetic flux density
Ersöz, Ali; Eyüboğlu, Behçet Murat; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2010)
Magnetic Resonance Electrical Impedance Tomography (MREIT) algorithms using current density distribution have been proposed in the literature. The current density distribution can be determined by using Magnetic Resonance Current Density Imaging (MRCDI) technique. In MRCDI technique, all three components of magnetic flux density should be measured. Hence, object should be rotated inside the magnet which is not trivial even for small size objects and remains as a strong limitation to clinical applicability o...
The electrical characteristics of antennas in their operational environment
Afacan, Gönenç; Tuncay, Birand; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2007)
This thesis investigates the variations of electrical properties of linear antennas mounted on certain platforms, depending on the physical properties of that platform. In this respect, related basic antenna simulations, electromagnetic simulations from primitive to complex models of airframes, and scale model measurements were used. Firstly, electrical properties of monopoles at known environment were examined and basic analyses were performed via an electromagnetic simulation tool, named CST Microwave Stu...
Analysis of coupled lines in microwave printed circuit elements
Piroğlu, Şefika Özkal; Dural Ünver, Mevlüde Gülbin; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2007)
Full wave analysis of microstrip lines at microwave frequencies is performed by using method of moments in conjunction with closed-form spatial domain Green’s functions. The Green’s functions are in general Sommerfeld-type integrals which are computationally expensive. To improve the efficiency of the technique, Green’s functions are approximated by their closed-forms. Microstrip lines are excited by arbitrarily located current sources and are terminated by complex loads at both ends. Current distributions ...
Frequency invariant beamforming and its application to wideband direction of arrival estimation
Babataş, Eren; Candan, Çağatay; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2008)
In this thesis the direction of arrival estimation of wideband signals using frequency invariant beamforming method is examined. The difficulty with the direction of arrival estimation of wideband signals is that it is not possible to obtain a single covariance matrix valid for the whole frequency spectrum of the signal. There are various methods proposed in the literature to overcome this difficulty. The common aim of all the methods is to obtain a composite covariance matrix for the overall band of the si...
Citation Formats
N. Köse, “Light flicker evaluation of electric arc furnaces based on novel signal processing algorithms,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.