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Synthesis, characterization and investigation of thermoluinescence properties of strontium pyrophosphate doped with metals

İlkay, Levent Sait
Strontium pyrophosphate is a promising phosphate that is used widely in the industry as a result of its luminescent, fluorescent, dielectric, semi-conductor, catalyst, magnetic and ion exchange properties. Thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD) is one of such areas. Recent researches in METU on thermoluminescence property of strontium pyrophosphate showed that strontium pyrophosphate could give enough intensity for radiation dosimetry when doped with oxides of some rare-earth elements. In this study strontium pyrophosphate was synthesized and the product was doped with copper-silver, copper-indium and manganese-praseodymium ions by solid-state reaction. In addition to these processes, characterization and the investigation of thermoluminescence properties of strontium pyrophosphate with and without dopants was conducted. Stoichiometric quantities of strontium carbonate and ammonium dihydrogen phosphate were weighed, mixed and ground by agate mortar. Afterwards, the mixture was heated at 900˚C for 14.5 hours. For doping process, synthesized strontium pyrophosphate and different amounts of copper oxide, indium oxide, silver nitrate, manganese oxide and praseodymium oxide were weighed and powdered together. Then, mixture was heated at 950˚C for 11 hours. For characterization of strontium pyrophosphate samples with and without dopants; X-ray Diffraction (XRD) was implemented. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to determine whether the bond structures were affected from doping or not. Thermal properties of the samples were investigated with the help of Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA). Morphology of compounds was observed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Afterwards thermoluminescence (TLD) studies were carried out. XRD pattern of samples showed that the intensity of hkl-310 peak of strontium pyrophosphate increased with the inclusion of metal oxides, however none of the characteristic peaks of metal oxides was observed. Addition of metal oxides caused no change in FTIR meaning that the anionic part of matrix compound, which is strontium pyrophosphate, has structural stability. Thermal analysis and morphological investigation of this material were performed. TLD results were different for each sample, which has different content. The most significant peak, which is suitable for radiation dosimetry was observed at 160˚C in the glow curve with the sample doped with 7% manganese oxide and 1% praseodymium oxide.