Alteration identification by hyperspectral remote sensing in sisorta gold prospect (Sivas-Turkey)

Yetkin, Erdem
Imaging spectrometry data or hyperspectral imagery acquired using airborne systems have been used in the geologic community since the early 1980’s and represent a mature technology. The solar spectral range 0.4–2.5 μm provides abundant information about hydroxyl-bearing minerals, sulfates and carbonates common to many geologic units and hydrothermal alteration assemblages. Satellite based Hyperion image data is used to implement and test hyperspectral processing techniques to identify alteration minerals and associate the results with the geological setting. Sisorta gold prospect is characterized by porphyry related epithermal and mesothermal alteration zones that are mapped through field studies. Image specific corrections are applied to obtain error free image data. Extensive field mapping and spectroscopic survey are used to identify nine endmembers from the image. Partial unmixing techniques are applied and used to assess the endmembers. Finally the spectral correlation mapper is used to map the endmembers which are kaolinite, dickite, halloysite, illite, montmorillonite and alunite as clay group and hematite, goethite and jarosite as the iron oxide group. The clays and iron oxides are mapped with approximately eighty percent accuracy. The study introduces an image specific algorithm for alteration minerals identification and discusses the outcomes within the geological perspective.


Hyperspectral image processing of eo-1 hyperion data for lithological and mineralogical mapping
San, Bekir Taner; Süzen, Mehmet Lütfi; Department of Geological Engineering (2008)
Hyperspectral data is a powerful tool for mineral explorations and lithological discriminations. EO1-Hyperion is a space borne hyperspectral system for hyperspectral imaging which is capable of 220 spectral image channels within the range of 400 to 2500 nm wavelengths. It has advantages over airborne systems such as data cost and coverage area. Although it has many advantages, much more uncertainty exists in application period, of which this uncertainty does exist in all processing stages starting from the ...
Investigation of the recharge and discharge mechanisms of a complex aquifer system by using environmental isotopes and noble gases
Arslan, Şebnem; Yazıcıgil, Hasan; Department of Geological Engineering (2008)
This study aims to determine the recharge, discharge and the mixing mechanisms of a complex aquifer system located above the Kazan trona ore field using the environmental isotopes of deuterium, oxygen-18, carbon-13 and carbon-14, chlorofluorocarbons (CFC- 11, CFC-12 and CFC-113) and the noble gas isotopes (He, Ne, Ar, Kr and Xe). The groundwater system consists of three different aquifers: shallow, middle and deep. The Akpınar formation lying between deep and middle systems acts as an aquitard. Oxygen-18 an...
Meter scale cycles in the eocene Çayraz Formation (Haymana Basin) and response of foraminifers to cyclicity
Erbaş (Geyikçioğlu), Bedia; Altıner, Demir; Department of Geological Engineering (2008)
The aim of this study is to investigate the nature of the meter-scale cycles in the Çayraz Formation of the Middle Eocene age and to study the response of foraminifera to the sedimentary cyclicity. In order to perform this study, two stratigraphic sections, which are 44,55 m and 25,95 m in thickness, were measured on a regularly bedded succession mainly composed of carbonates and siliciclastics in the Çayraz Formation of the Haymana Basin. In this study, detailed microfacies analyses were carried out in the...
Comparison of geostatistics and artificial neural networks in reservoir property estimation
Arzuman, Sadun; Karahanoğlu, Nurkan; Department of Geological Engineering (2009)
In this dissertation, 3D surface seismic data was integrated with the well logs to be able to define the properties in every location for the reservoir under investigation. To accomplish this task, geostatistical and artificial neural networks (ANN) techniques were employed. First, missing log sets in the study area were estimated using common empirical relationships and ANN. Empirical estimations showed linear dependent results that cannot be generalized. On the other hand, ANNs predicted missing logs with...
Discontinuity mapping with automatic lineament extraction from high resolution satellite imagery
Karpuz, Celal (null; 2004-09-01)
In this study, automatic lineament analysis is performed by using high resolution satellite imagery for identification of rock discontinuities. A case study area is selected as an Andesite mine area in Gölbaı, Ankara, Turkey. For the high resolution data 8-bit Ikonos Precision Plus with 1 meter resolution orthorectified image is used. The image data contain three bands as blue, green, red as band 1, band 2 and band 3, respectively. Then an additional band (fourth band) for the image is assigned by obtainin...
Citation Formats
E. Yetkin, “Alteration identification by hyperspectral remote sensing in sisorta gold prospect (Sivas-Turkey),” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2009.