Effects of ph on human growth hormone production by pichia pastoris considering the expression levels of regulatory genes

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2009
Bayraktar, Eda
In this study, the aim was to investigate the effects of pH on therapeutically important protein, recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH), production by Pichia pastoris considering the expression levels of regulatory genes. In this frame, firstly the host microorganism was selected between two different methanol utilization phenotypes of P. pastoris, Mut+ and MutS on media containing glycerol/methanol or sorbitol/methanol. The highest rhGH production, 120 g L-1, and hGH gene expression, 9.84x109 copies mg-1 CDW, were achieved in the medium containing 30 g L-1 sorbitol and 1% (v/v) methanol by P. pastoris hGH-Mut+ strain. Thereafter, effects of pH on rhGH production and stability were investigated in laboratory scale bioreactors. RhGH was more stable at pH 5.0. Throughout the production, it is seen that medium of pH decreased. Thereafter, effects of pH on rhGH were investigated in pH controlled pilot-scale bioreactor. In addition to rhGH concentration, AOX intracellular enzyme activity, extracellular proteases concentrations; expression levels of hGH, AOX, pep4, prb1 and prc1 genes were determined. The highest cell concentration was obtained as 53 g L-1 at pH 6.0 but hGH concentration was found as 24 mg L-1 at t=24 h. The highest rhGH concentration was obtained as 271 g L-1 with 42 g L-1 cell density at pH 5.0 in medium containing sorbitol at t=24 h. At this condition, the overall product and cell yield on total substrate were found as 2.08 mg g-1 and 0.15 g g-1. Furthermore, the highest expression levels of hGH and AOX were attained at pH 5.0. Moreover, by keeping pH at 5.0, expression levels of three types of vacuolar proteases were minimized.

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Citation Formats
E. Bayraktar, “Effects of ph on human growth hormone production by pichia pastoris considering the expression levels of regulatory genes,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.