Enzyme immobilization on titania-silica-gold thin films for biosensor applications and photocatalytic enzyme removal for surface patterning

Çınar, Merve
The aim of this study was to investigate the viability of patterning by immobilization, photocatalytic removal, and re-immobilization steps of the enzyme on photocatalytically active thin films for biosensor fabrication purposes. For this aim, TiO2-SiO2-Au sol-gel colloids were synthesized and deposited on glass substrates as thin films by dip coating. Cysteamine linker was assembled on gold nanoparticles to functionalize thin films with amine groups for immobilization of model enzyme invertase. Effect of immobilization temperature, enzyme concentration of the immobilization solution and immobilization period on invertase immobilization were investigated. The immobilized invertase activity was found independent from the immobilization temperature in the range tested (4oC-room temperature). The optimum enzyme concentration and period for immobilization was determined as 10µg/ml and 12 hours respectively. The resulting invertase immobilized thin films showed high storage stability retaining more that 50% of their initial activity after 9 weeks of storage. Photocatalytic enzyme removal and re-immobilization studies were carried out by irradiating the invertase immobilized thin films with blacklight. Upon 30 minutes of irradiation, immobilized invertase was completely and irreversibly inactivated. Initial immobilized invertase activity (before the irradiation) was attained when invertase was re-immobilized on thin films that were irradiated for 5 hours. Thus it was inferred that with sufficient exposure, enzymes can be completely removed from the surfaces which makes the re-immobilization possible. The possibility of enzyme removal with photocatalytic activity and re-immobilization can pave the way to new patterning techniques to produce multi-enzyme electrode arrays.


Comparison of benzaldehyde lyase production capacity in recombinant Escherichia coli and recombinant Bacillus species
Kaya, Hande; Çalık, Pınar; Department of Chemical Engineering (2006)
In this study, the benzaldehyde lyase (BAL, EC production in E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLySs as intracellular and in Bacillus species as extracellular were investigated, and comparison of the production capacity of the enzyme in the developed recombinant microorganisms were compared. For this purpose, firstly, PCR amplified bal gene was cloned into pRSETA vector which is under the control of strong T7 promoter and expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS strain. With developed recombinant E. coli BL21 (DE3)...
Exponential feeding strategy development for benzaldehyde lyase production by recombinant "Escherichia coli"
Taşpınar, Hatice; Çalık, Pınar; Özdamar, Tunçer H.; Department of Biotechnology (2010)
In this study, the aim was to investigate the effects of exponential feeding strategy on benzaldehyde lyase (BAL) production by recombinant Escherichia coli BL21. For this purpose, the effects of medium components were investigated to optimize the initial medium composition of the fed-batch fermentations. For the batch bioreactor operations, the highest cell concentration and BAL activity were achieved in a media containing 30 g L-1 pretreated molasses, and 5 g L-1 (NH4)2HPO4 as 5.07 g L-1, and 1611 U ml-1 ...
Effects of carbon sources and feeding strategies on human growth hormone production by metabolically engineered pichia pastoris
Açık, Eda; Çalık, Pınar; Department of Chemical Engineering (2009)
In this study, effects of different carbon sources and their feeding strategies on recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) production by Pichia pastoris were investigated by means of cell growth, recombinant protein production and expression levels of hGH and alcohol oxidase (AOX) genes. In this content, firstly, the strain to be used for high level rhGH production was selected between the two phenotypes, i.e., P. pastoris hGH-Mut+ and P. pastoris hGH-MutS. In this selection both phenotypes were compared in...
Kinetic analyses of the effects of temperature and light intensity on growth, hydrogenm production and organic acid utilization by rhodobacter capsulatus
Sevinç, Pelin; Gündüz, Ufuk; Department of Biotechnology (2010)
Effects of temperature and light intensity on photofermentative hydrogen production by Rhodobacter capsulatus DSM1710 by use of acetic and lactic acids as substrates were studied. Experiments were conducted at 20, 30 and 38oC incubator temperatures under light intensities in the 1500 – 7000 lux range. pH of the medium and quantity of hydrogen forming together with quantity of biomass, and concentrations of acetic, lactic, formic, butyric and propionic acids in the medium were determined periodically. Growth...
Kinetic studies for the production of tertiary ethers used as gasoline additives
Boz, Nezahat; Doğu, Timur; Department of Chemical Engineering (2004)
In the present study, the kinetics studies for etherification reactions were investigated in detail. In the first phase of present study, different acidic resin catalysts were prepared by the heat treatment of Amberlyst-15 catalysts at 220°C at different durations of time and also by the synthesis of sulfonated styrene divinylbenzene cross-linked resins at different conditions. A linear dependence of reaction rate on hydrogen ion-exchange capacity was in 2M2B+ethanol reaction. However, in the case of 2M1B+e...
Citation Formats
M. Çınar, “Enzyme immobilization on titania-silica-gold thin films for biosensor applications and photocatalytic enzyme removal for surface patterning,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.