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Modulation formats for wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) systems

Büyükşahin Öncel, F. Feza
Optical communication networks are becoming the backbone of both national and international telecommunication networks. With the progress of optical communication systems, and the constraints brought by WDM transmissions and increased bit rates, new ways to convert the binary data signal on the optical carrier have been proposed. There are different factors that should be considered for the right choice of modulation format, such as information spectral density (ISD), power margin, and tolerance against group-velocity dispersion (GVD) and against fiber nonlinear effects like self-phase modulation (SPM), cross-phase modulation (XPM), four-wave mixing (FWM), and stimulated Raman scattering (SRS). In this dissertation, the several very important modulation formats such as Non Return to Zero (NRZ), Return to Zero (RZ), Chirped Return to Zero (CRZ), Carrier Suppressed Return to Zero (CSRZ), Differential Phase Shift Keying (PSK) and Carrier Suppressed Return to Zero- Differential Phase Shift Keying (CSRZ-DPSK) will be detailed and compared. In order to make performance analysis of such modulation formats, the simulation will be done by using VPItransmissionMakerTM WDM software.